Cinzia Franceschini

Cinzia Franceschini is an Italian Art Historian specializing in the History of Art Criticism, with a second degree in Communications and Sociology studies. She studied in Padua, Brussels, Turin as well as anywhere with an Internet connection. She works as a guide in Museum Education Departments and as a Freelance Writer. She writes about Contemporary Arts and Social Sciences, and how they intertwine.

Metaphysical Art Movement – History, Artists and Artwork

What is Metaphysical Art? Metaphysical Art (from the Italian Pittura Metafisica) is an art movement that evolved in Italy at the beginning of the 20th century. The metaphysical painting is characterized by unexpected juxtapositions of unusual elements. They create oneiric and transcendent atmospheres while maintaining a realist style. It is also characterized by intense and …

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The Independent Group

What is the Independent Group? The Independent Group (IG) is a group of painters, sculptors, art critics, writers, and architects who met at the Institute of Contemporary Arts (ICA) in London. Young artists theorize and explore a challenging approach to art organizing collective exhibitions between 1952 and 1955. The art movement laid the foundation for …

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Die Brücke

What is Die Brücke? Die Brücke (The Bridge) was a group of German painters and printmakers founded in 1905 in Dresden and lasted until 1913. They were avant-garde artists who created the first German expressionist group. Brücke members realized paintings and prints characterized by bold lines, bright and non-naturalistic colors, and simplified style. Their subjects …

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Conceptual Art Movement (Conceptualism): History, Techniques, and Artwork

What is Conceptual Art? The term Conceptual Art (also Conceptualism) refers to art practices where the emphasis on the concept of the work prevails over other formal or visual instances of art-making. The materials and techniques are secondary to the artwork’s idea. Andrew Wilson, Senior Curator of Modern & Contemporary British Art at Tate, clarified …

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Gouache

Gouache is a type of water-soluble paint characterized by a high degree of opacity. Its final texture is matted, thick, and more covering than watercolor and it does not surface the paper support. The opaque effect is achieved by adding to pigments other white inert pigments such as chalk or white lead and traditionally mixed …

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Site-Specific Art 

What is Site-Specific Art? The term Site-Specific art is commonly used in the field of Contemporary Arts to indicate a type of artistic intervention specifically conceived for a precise location and that interacts with it. When designing a Site-Specific artwork, the artist pays particular attention to the spatial aspects of the chosen place. The work is usually created exclusively to …

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How to Analyze Art – Formal Art Analysis Guide and Example

What is this Guide Helpful for? Every work of art is a complex system and a pattern of intentions. Learning to observe and analyze artworks’ most distinctive features is a task that requires time but primarily training. Even the eye must be trained to art -whether paintings, photography, architecture, drawing, sculptures, or mixed-media installations. The …

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Papier collé

What is papier collé? Papier collé is a particular form of collage. The term papier collé is, in fact, a French word that literally means ‘pasted paper’. This artistic technique consists of pasting paper cut outs to create a decorative composition. Pasted pieces represent objects or they simulate different non paper materials, such as wood. …

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Self-Portrait

What is a Self-portrait? Self-portraiture is a sub-category of the artistic genre of portraiture. A self-portrait is a portrait of an artist realized by the artist himself or herself, mainly through the medium of painting, drawing, sculpture or photography.  A self-portrait is hardly a mere form of recording one’s appearance: it involves very often the …

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Minimalism Art Movement

What is Minimalism in Art? Minimalist Art (or Minimalism) is an artistic tendency developed in the United States in the Sixties and characterized by works of art with extremely simple and modular forms, reduced to their elementary geometric structure. In Minimalism, the forms of expressiveness, emotionality, identity are suppressed in order to emphasize the objectivity …

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