Cinzia Franceschini

Cinzia Franceschini is an Italian Art Historian specializing in the History of Art Criticism, with a second degree in Communications and Sociology studies. She studied in Padua, Brussels, Turin as well as anywhere with an Internet connection. She works as a guide in Museum Education Departments and as a Freelance Writer. She writes about Contemporary Arts and Social Sciences, and how they intertwine.

Encaustic Painting

What is Encaustic Painting? Encaustic painting is an ancient mixed media technique or process of painting characterised by the use of colored pigments mixed with hot wax (mostly beeswax). The beeswax acts as a binder and the liquid is kept warm through the use of a brazier, then applied through a brush or a metal …

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What is Vorticism? Vorticism is a modernist art movement that developed in 1914 in England, founded by the artist, critic and writer Wyndham Lewis. The Vorticists celebrated the energy of modern life, the imagery of the machine age and industrial progress, with all its destructive and experimental potential, rejecting the figurative British artistic tradition. Instead, …

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Hudson River School

What is Hudson River School? Hudson River School indicates a large group of American painters who worked around 1850 in the United States, especially in the north of the state of New York and in New England, who focused on landscape painting. It has been the first native and dominant school of painting in the United …

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Frottage Art

What is Frottage Art? Frottage is an artistic technique first adopted by the Surrealist artist Max Ernst in the second half of the 1920s. The frottage creative process is based on the principle of rubbing a sheet of paper or a canvas over a rough and textured surface, using a pencil, a crayon or other …

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Dada (Dadaism)

What is Dada (Dadaism)? Dada (or Dadaism) is an avant-garde literary and artistic movement of the 20th Century, developed between the 1916 and 1922, as a revolutionary and critical rejection to the brutality of the First World War. The origins of the term are still unclear and there are various interpretations under consideration: Dada could …

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Harlem Renaissance (Art Movement)

What is the Harlem Renaissance? The Harlem Renaissance is a period in the American History, spanning the 1920s and the 1930s, characterized by the rebirth of the African American culture and black identity empowerment. This revival was particularly evident in literature, arts, music, theatre and fashion. The Harlem Renaissance writers, painters, and sculptors celebrated the …

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