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Precisionism

Precisionism is the first originally American modernist movement. This movement was created after the First World War, and it achieved the most significant successes during the 1920s and 1930s. The Precisionists relied on the experiences of Cubism, Futurism, and Purism in forming their artistic language. These artists drew inspiration for their work from the American …

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Genre Painting

The term genre painting refers to paintings that depict situations and scenes from everyday life. These themes include different everyday scenes like mealtimes, various celebrations, concerts, or crowded markets and streets. In addition to the ambience characteristic of the urban environment and the experience of the bourgeoisie, the genre painting also presented rural scenes such …

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Caricature

The caricature is a technique based on methods of redefining portrait representativeness by overemphasizing certain characteristics of physical appearance. With the aim of visually evoking the unique characteristics of certain individuals, groups or situations, the caricature developed a visual language understandable to the widest audience. Depending on the covered topics, the caricature can be comic, …

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Constructivism

Constructivism was a Russian avant-garde art movement based on the idea of functionalism, symbiosis of technology and art, as well as the use of modern industrial materials. Constructivists as artist-engineers, sought to redefine the overall visual culture in the new Soviet society. The beginnings of constructivism can be recognized in experiments with abstract geometric constructions …

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Socialist Realism

What is Socialist Realism? Socialist realism is a form of modern realism that was the official state art in the Soviet Union and the countries under its influence from 1934 to the mid-1980s. In the visual arts, this direction brings a specific synthesis of communist propaganda with the traditions of realism, neoclassicism and romanticism. With …

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Suprematism

Suprematism is an Avant-garde artistic movement that Kasimir Malevich began to develop in 1913. The very term Suprematism refers to an artistic practice built on abstract forms characterized by “the supremacy of pure artistic feeling” in relation to the representative mimetic artistic tradition. Notable representatives of this movement are Kazimir Malevich, El Lissitzky, Alexandra Exter, …

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Photomontage

Photomontage is a technique of combining photograph fragments with the aim of creating a new image. In addition to the physical connection of individual fragments, the final work is often photographed itself, so it is almost impossible to notice the dividing lines of multiple images. Prominent artists who have worked in this technique are Kurt …

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Assemblage

Assemblage is an art form that involves combining different three-dimensional elements, very often found objects into one whole. This technique created on the trail of collage retains the principle of fitting different materials, but unlike the two-dimensional character of the collage, the assemblage is a three-dimensional form. Artists who have worked in this technique are …

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Decollage

Decollage is a term coming from the French word for ‘unstick’ and refers to an artistic process that involves tearing and scraping old posters from the walls and their later application on canvas. This technique is associated with artists who belonged to the Nouveau Realisme (New Realism). The artists who have worked in this technique …

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