Alphabetical: P

Papier collé

What is papier collé? Papier collé is a particular form of collage. The term papier collé is, in fact, a French word that literally means ‘pasted paper’. This artistic technique consists of pasting paper cut outs to create a decorative composition. Pasted pieces represent objects or they simulate different non paper materials, such as wood. …

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Pendentive

What is a Pendentive? In architecture, a pendentive is a triangular structure enabling the placing of a circular dome over a square room, or an elliptical dome over a rectangular room. Pendentives are positioned at the four corners of a room, where they curve inward to meet the dome’s round base, resulting in triangular segments of a sphere. …

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Peredvizhniki (The Wanderers)

Peredvizhniki, also known as The Wanderers or The Itinerants, were a group of realists who operated in Russia from 1870 to 1923. The painters who belonged to this movement brought many novelties to Russian painting both in the domain of form and the topics they dealt with. A critical review of social circumstances, as well …

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Performance Art

What is Performance Art? Performance Art is an experimental act of visual art that is meant to be experienced as a live event. Performance artworks are created on the basis of actions performed by the artist and sometimes other participants. The term “Performance Art” emerged in the 1970s and is closely related to the “Happenings” …

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Photogram

What is a Photogram? The term photogram refers to one of the early photographic techniques which implies photographic image created without the use of a camera. The process of making photograms involves placing various objects on light sensitive paper which is then exposed to light. The first photograms were made in the mid-19th century, as …

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Photography

What is Photography? Photography is the practice where an image is created by recording light onto light-sensitive material. While photography is considered an art form, it is also used across varying industries, such as science and manufacturing, to document different processes. This is called representational photography. Commercial photography, wildlife photography and photojournalism are some of …

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Photomontage

Photomontage is a technique of combining photograph fragments with the aim of creating a new image. In addition to the physical connection of individual fragments, the final work is often photographed itself, so it is almost impossible to notice the dividing lines of multiple images. Prominent artists who have worked in this technique are Kurt …

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Plein Air Painting

Plein air or en plein air is an approach to painting that involves painting in the open. Painting in nature became very popular during the 19th century. This popularity was generated by members of various artistic movements, primarily impressionists, naturalists and post-impressionists. Numerous innovations in the field of painting tools have enabled the spread of …

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Pointillism Art Movement – History, Artwork and Artists

Pointillism is a painting technique characterized by a meticulous arrangement of primary colors in small dots. It emerged within the neo-impressionist movement developed by Georges Seurat and Paul Signac, in France in the mid-1880s. The pointillist technique involved a scientific approach based on the latest advances in the theory of optics of the time. The color …

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