Pop Art -
An art movement and style that had its origins in England
in the 1950s and made its way to the United States during the
1960s. Pop artists
have focused attention upon familiar images
of the popular culture
such as billboards, comic strips, magazine advertisements,
and supermarket products. Leading exponents are Richard Hamilton
(British, 1922-), Andy Warhol (American, 1928?1930?-1987), Roy
Lichtenstein (American, 1923-1997), Claes Oldenburg (American,
1929-), Jasper Johns (American, 1930-), and Robert Rauschenberg
Examples of Pop Art:
Wayne Thiebaud (American, 1920-)
Richard Hamilton (English, 1922-), Interior II, 1964, oil, cellulose paint and collage on board, 121.9 x 162.6 cm, Tate Gallery, London.
Richard Hamilton, The Solomon R. Guggenheim (Neapolitan), 1965-6, fiberglass and cellulose relief, 121.9 x 121.9 x 17.8 cm, Tate Gallery, London.
Richard Hamilton, Picasso's Meninas, 1973, etching on paper, image 57.0 x 49.0 cm, Tate Gallery, London. This is Hamilton's version of Pablo Picasso's painting after Velasquez's (Diego Rodríguez de Silva y Velasquez, Spanish, 1599-1660) The Family of Philip IV, or "The Maids of Honor (Las Meninas)", oil on canvas, (318 x 276 cm), Prado Museum, Madrid. See Baroque, Cubism, and genre.
Richard Artschwager (American, 1923-)
Roy Lichtenstein (American, 1923-1997), Mustard on White, 1963, Magnacolor on Plexiglass, 80.0 x 94.0 x 5.1 cm, Tate Gallery, London.
Roy Lichtenstein, Whaam!, 1963, acrylic and oil on canvas, 172.7 x 406.4 cm, Tate Gallery, London. You may wish to see a preparatory drawing for this painting, 14.9 x 30.5 cm, Tate Gallery, London. See benday.
Roy Lichtenstein, from "Ten Works by Ten Painters", Sandwich and Soda, 1964, screenprint on acetate, 48.5 x 58.4 cm, Tate Gallery, London.
Roy Lichtenstein, Vicki, 1964, enamel on steel, 42 x 42 inches, Minneapolis Institute of Arts.
Roy Lichtenstein, Brushstroke, 1965, screenprint on paper, image: 56.5 x 72.4 cm, Tate Gallery, London.
Roy Lichtenstein, Explosion, 1965-6, lithograph on paper, 56.2 x 43.5 cm, Tate Gallery, London.
Roy Lichtenstein, Wall Explosion II, 1965, enamel on steel relief, 170.2 x 188.0 x 10.2 cm, 110 kg, Tate Gallery, London.
Roy Lichtenstein, The Melody Haunts my Reverie, 1965, oil on canvas, Nationalgalerie, Berlin.
Roy Lichtenstein, Untitled (Paper Plate), 1969, screenprint on paper, 26.4 x 26.4 cm, Tate Gallery, London.
Roy Lichtenstein, Stepping Out, 1978, oil and Magna on canvas, 86 x 70 inches (218.4 x 177.8 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.
Larry Rivers (American, 1923-2002)
George Segal (American, 1924-2000)
Robert Rauschenberg (American, 1925-), Satellite, 1955, combine painting, 79 3/8 x 43 1/4 x 5 5/8 inches (201.6 x 109.9 x 14.3 cm), Whitney Museum of American Art, NY. See aleatory and collage.
Alex Katz (American, 1927-)
Robert Indiana (born Robert Clark, American, 1928-), LOVE, 1966, oil on canvas, 71 7/8 x 71 7/8 inches, Indianapolis Museum of Art, IN. See text.
Claes Oldenburg (American, born Sweden, 1929-), Two Cheeseburgers with Everything (Dual Hamburgers), 1962, [44 k,] burlap soaked in plaster, painted with enamel, 7 x 14 3/4 x 8 5/8 inches, Museum of Modern Art, NY.
Claes Oldenburg, Giant Ice Bag, 1969-1970, installation: vinyl, steel, motors and fans, fiberglass, lacquer, 600 x 600 cm, Georges Pompidou Center, Paris.
Jasper Johns (American, 1930-), White Flag, 1955, encaustic, oil, newsprint and charcoal on canvas, 78 3/8 x 120 3/4 inches (198.9 x 306.7 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY. See flag.
Jasper Johns, Figure 5, 1960, encaustic and newspaper collaged on canvas, 183 x 137.5 cm, Georges Pompidou Center, Paris.
Jasper Johns, 0 through 9, 1961, oil on canvas, 137.2 x 104.8 cm, Tate Gallery, London.
Jasper Johns (American, 1930-), Ale Cans, 1964, lithograph, edition: 31, sheet: 22 7/8 x 17 3/4 inches (58.1 x 45.1 cm), Museum of Modern Art, NY. Publisher: Universal Limited Art Editions, West Islip, New York.
Jasper Johns, Dancers on a Plane, 1980-1, oil and acrylic on canvas with painted bronze frame, 200.0 x 161.9 cm, Tate Gallery, London.
Jasper Johns, Untitled, 1992, etching and aquatint on paper, 90.5 x 115.3 cm, Tate Gallery, London.
Andy Warhol (American, 1928-1987), Campbell's Tomato Soup, 1962, oil on canvas.
Andy Warhol, Campbell's Soup Cans , 1962, synthetic polymer paint on thirty-two canvases, Each canvas, 20 x 16 inches (50.8 x 40.6 cm), Museum of Modern Art, NY.
Andy Warhol, Gold Marilyn Monroe, 1962, synthetic polymer paint, silkscreened, and oil on canvas, 6 feet 11 1/4 inches x 57 inches (211.4 x 144.7 cm), Museum of Modern Art, NY.
Andy Warhol, Do-It-Yourself Seascape J, 1963, oil on canvas. By the 1960s the popularity of paint-by-numbers had thoroughly dismayed art critics — just the thing to tempt Andy Warhol to embrace it as Pop Art subject matter. To produce this picture, Warhol projected the line art from a paint-by-numbers kit onto a large canvas before painting.
Andy Warhol, Self-Portrait , 1966, silkscreen ink on synthetic polymer paint on nine canvases; each canvas 22 1/2 x 22 1/2 inches (57.2 x 57.2 cm); overall 67 5/8 x 67 5/8 inches (171.7 x 171.7 cm), Museum of Modern Art, NY.
Andy Warhol, Mao, 1973, silkscreened acrylic on canvas, 448.3 x 346.1 cm, Nationalgalerie, Berlin.
Andy Warhol, Mick Jagger, 1973, silkscreen, 73 / 250, 74 cm x 112 cm, Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art, Iran. Mick Jagger was and is the lead singer of the rock band the Rolling Stones. See portrait.
Andy Warhol, Last Self-Portrait, 1986, acrylic and silkscreen on canvas, 80 x 80 inches (203.2 x 203.2 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.
Andy Warhol, Camouflage, 1987, portfolio of eight silkscreen prints; each composition: 38 x 38 inches (96.5 x 96.5 cm); each sheet: 38 x 38 inches (96.5 x 96.5 cm); printer: Rupert Jasen Smith, New York; edition: 80; Museum of Modern Art, NY. See camouflage.
Tom Wesselmann (American, 1931-2004)
Peter Blake (English, 1932-), Self-Portrait with Badges, 1961, oil on board, 1743 x 1219 mm, Tate Gallery, London. See English art and self-portrait.
Peter Blake, The Toy Shop, 1962, mixed media, glass and painted wood, 156.8 x 194.0 x 34.0 cm, Tate Gallery, London.
James Rosenquist (American, 1933-), Pulling out, 1972, color lithograph, 26/39, 65 cm x 76.5 cm, Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art, Iran. Rosenquist pictures a claw hammer pulling nails that he's rendered in the primary colors.
James Rosenquist, Marilyn, 1974, lithograph on paper, image: 90.5 x 69.5 cm, Tate Gallery, London.
Jim Dine (American, 1935-), Midsummer Wall, 1966, color lithograph, artist's proof, 75 cm x 105 cm, Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art, Iran.
David Hockney (English, lives and works in USA, 1937-), Portrait of Nick Wilder, 1966, acrylic on canvas, 72 x 72 inches (183 x 183 cm), private collection.
David Hockney, Model with Unfinished Self-Portrait, 1977, oil on canvas, 60 x 60 inches (152 x 152 cm), collection of Werner Boeninger.
Edward Ruscha (American, 1937-), Large Trademark with Eight Spotlights, 1962, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY. See trademark.
Peter Phillips (English, 1939-), Motorpsycho Go, 1962, oil on canvas, 156 x 101.5 cm, Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art, Iran.
Also see Fluxus, icon, and Op Art.