DDe Stijl or de Stijl - An art movement advocating pure abstraction and simplicity — form reduced to the rectangle and other geometric shapes, and color to the primary colors, along with black and white. Piet Mondrian (Dutch, 1872-1944) was the group's leading figure. He published a manifesto titled Neo-Plasticism in 1920. Another member, painter Theo van Doesberg (Dutch, 1883-1931) had started a journal named De Stijl in 1917, which continued publication until 1928, spreading the theories of the group, which also included the painter George Vantongerloo (Belgian, 1886-1965), along with the architects Jacobus Johannes P. Oud (1890-1963) and Gerrit Rietveld (Dutch, 1888-1965). Their work exerted tremendous influence on the Bauhaus and the International Style.

(pr. duh-stayl')

 

 

Examples:

 

see thumbnail to leftPiet Mondrian (born Pieter-Cornelis Mondriaan) (Dutch, 1872-1944), Irises, c. 1908, oil on canvas, 30 1/4 x 21 1/4 inches, Minneapolis Institute of Arts. A painting from the period preceding his work in "De Stijl."

 

 

see thumbnail to rightPiet Mondrian, Trees, c. 1912, oil on canvas, 37 X 27 7/8 inches (94 X 70.8 cm), Carnegie Museum of Art, Pittsburgh, PA. A painting from the period in which Mondrian's work was entering "De Stijl."

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftPiet Mondrian, Color Planes in Oval, 1913-14, oil on canvas, 42 3/8 x 31 inches (107.6 x 78.8 cm), Museum of Modern Art, NY.

 

 

see thumbnail to rightPiet Mondrian, Composition in Brown and Gray, 1913-14, oil on canvas, 33 3/4 x 29 3/4 inches (85.7 x 75.6 cm), Museum of Modern Art, NY.

 

 

 

Piet Mondrian, Pier and Ocean (Sea and Starry Sky), 1914, charcoal and gouache on buff paper, 34 5/8 x 44 inches (87.9 x 111.2 cm), Museum of Modern Art, NY. A painting from the period in which Mondrian's work was entering "De Stijl."

 

 

see thumbnail to rightPiet Mondrian, Composition, V, 1914, oil on canvas, 21 5/8 x 33 5/8 inches (54.8 x 85.3 cm), Museum of Modern Art, NY.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftPiet Mondrian, Composition with Color Planes, V, 1917, oil on canvas, 19 3/8 x 24 1/8 inches (49 x 61.2 cm), Museum of Modern Art, NY.

 

 

see thumbnail to rightPiet Mondrian, Composition C, 1920, oil on canvas, 23 3/4 x 24 inches (60.3 x 61 cm), Museum of Modern Art, NY.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftPiet Mondrian, Composition, 1921, oil on canvas, 29 7/8 x 20 5/8 inches (76 x 52.4 cm), Museum of Modern Art, NY.

 

 

see thumbnail to rightPiet Mondrian, Painting, I (Tableau I), 1926, oil on canvas; diagonal measurements, 44 3/4 x 44 inches (113.7 x 111.8 cm), Museum of Modern Art, NY.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftPiet Mondrian, Composition, II, 1929 (the original inscription "P.M.29" partly obliterated; mistakenly repainted "P.M.25" by Mondrian when he restored the painting in March 1942), oil on canvas, 15 7/8 x 12 5/8 inches (40.3 x 32.1 cm), Museum of Modern Art, NY.

 

 

see thumbnail to rightPiet Mondrian, Composition, 1933, oil on canvas, 16 1/4 x 13 1/8 inches (41.2 x 33.3 cm), Museum of Modern Art, NY.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftPiet Mondrian, Composition No. lll Blanc-Jaune, 1935 [first state], Composition with Red, Yellow, and Blue, 1935-1942 [second state], oil on canvas, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art. See rectangle and state.

 

 

see thumbnail to rightPiet Mondrian, Composition in White, Black, and Red, 1936, oil on canvas, 40 1/4 x 41 inches (102.2 x 104.1 cm), Museum of Modern Art, NY.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftPiet Mondrian, Composition in Yellow, Blue, and White, I, 1937, oil on canvas, 22 1/2 x 21 3/4 inches (57.1 x 55.2 cm), Museum of Modern Art, NY.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightPiet Mondrian, Composition in Red, Blue and White, II, 1937, oil on canvas, 75 x 60.5 cm, Georges Pompidou Center, Paris.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftPiet Mondrian, Composition in Red, Blue, and Yellow, 1937-42, oil on canvas, 23 3/4 x 21 7/8 inches (60.3 x 55.4 cm), Museum of Modern Art, NY.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightPiet Mondrian, Trafalgar Square, 1939-43, oil on canvas, 57 1/4 x 47 1/4 inches (145.2 x 120 cm), Museum of Modern Art, NY.

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftPiet Mondrian, Broadway Boogie Woogie. 1942-43, oil on canvas, 50 x 50 inches (127 x 127 cm), at the Museum of Modern Art, New York. See grid.

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftTheo van Doesburg (born Christian Emil Kuepper [or Küpper]) (Dutch, 1883-1931), Composition X, 1918, oil on canvas, 64 x 43 cm, Georges Pompidou Center, Paris.

 

 

see thumbnail to rightTheo van Doesburg, Pure Painting, 1920, oil on canvas, 130 x 80.5 cm, Georges Pompidou Center, Paris.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftTheo van Doesburg and Cornelis van Eesteren (Dutch), Contra-Construction, an architectural project of 1923, axonometric projection in gouache on lithograph on paper, 22 1/2 x 22 1/2 inches (57.2 x 57.2 cm), Museum of Modern Art, NY.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightTheo van Doesburg, Counter-Composition VI, 1925, oil on canvas, 50.0 x 50.0 cm, Tate Gallery, London. See grid.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftVilmos Huszar (born Hungary, 1884-1960; to the Netherlands 1905), Composition with Female Figure, 1918, oil on canvas, 31 1/2 x 23 3/4 inches (80 x 60.4 cm), Museum of Modern Art, NY. See Hungarian art.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightGerrit T. Rietveld (Dutch, 1884-1964), Red-Blue Chair, c. 1923, hardwood lacquered in blue, red, and yellow, 34 1/8 x 26 x 33 inches (86.7 x 66 x 83.8 cm), seat height 13 inches (33 cm), Museum of Modern Art, NY. Although this chair's design is consistent with the aesthetic of De Stijl, it was presented at a Bauhaus exhibition in 1923. See furniture.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftGerrit T. Rietveld, Schroder House, 1924-25, steel beams and columns, wood and concrete, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

 

 

see thumbnail to rightGeorges Vantongerloo (Belgian, 1886-1965), Composition, 1917-1918, oil on canvas, 36 x 54 cm, Georges Pompidou Center, Paris.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftJacobus Johannes Pieter Oud, architect and delineator (Dutch, 1890-1963), House for Three Families, 1928, axonometric projection in ink and pencil on tracing paper, Carnegie Museum of Art, Pittsburgh, PA. Oud worked in the style that evolved from De Stijl called the International Style.

 

 

see thumbnail to rightCésar Domela (Dutch, 1900-1992), Neoplastic Composition, 1926-1927, oil on canvas, 82.5 x 102 cm, Georges Pompidou Center, Paris.

 

 

Burgoyne Diller (American, 1906-1965) was one of several Americans whose works were greatly influenced by De Stijl.

 

 

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Related Links:

 

Also see Abstraction-Creation Group, Dutch art, and geometric.

 

 

 

 

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