AAshcan School - A group of early twentieth-century American artists who often painted pictures of New York city life. Although they are sometimes called the New York realists, because a critic who did not appreciate their choice of subject matter — alleys, tenements, and slum dwellers — gave the artists involved in this art movement a more colorful name that's more popularly used: the "Ashcan School." Confusingly, another label that is used for them is that of another more clearly defined group — "The Eight." The Ashcan School included these six members of The Eight: Arthur B. Davies (1862-1928), Robert Henri (1865-1929), George Luks (1867-1933), William Glackens (1870-1938), John Sloan (1871-1951), and Everett Shinn (1876-1953). Others who are considered in the Ashcan school: Alfred Maurer (1868-1932), George Wesley Bellows (1882-1925), Edward Hopper (1882-1967), and Guy Pène Du Bois (1884-1958).

 

Examples of their work:

 

 

see thumbnail to rightRobert Henri (born Robert Henry Cozad) (American, 1865-1929), The Laundress, c. 1910, oil on canvas, Phoenix Art Museum, AZ.

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftGeorge Benjamin Luks (American, 1866-1933), In the Steerage, 1900, oil on canvas, 30 5/8 x 19 1/4 inches (77.8 x 48.9 cm), North Carolina Art Museum, Raleigh.

 

 

Alfred Henry Maurer (American, 1868-1932)

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightWilliam Glackens (American, 1870-1938), Family Group, 1910 or 1911, oil on canvas, 72 x 84 inches, National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC. This was exhibited in the influential Armory Show of 1913.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftJohn Sloan (American, 1871-1951), Night Windows, 1910, etching, 5 1/4 x 7 inches. This was exhibited in the influential Armory Show of 1913.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightJohn Sloan, Sunday, Women Drying Their Hair, 1912, oil on canvas, 25 1/2 x 31 1/2 inches, Addison Gallery of American Art, Phillips Academy, Andover, MA. This too was exhibited in the influential Armory Show of 1913.

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftJohn Sloan, 1912, "Tee Hee" Boys: Born with a Vote and a Partial Sense of the Ridiculous, 1912, ink and crayon, published in Collier's, May 18, 1912, as "Aw, Susie, be them dishes washed?" Library of Congress, Washington, DC. This crowd watches and jeers as a parade of suffragettes parade past. Suffragettes were women who campaigned for the right to vote.

 

 

John Sloan, Nude, Pink Striped Coverlet, 1927, 13 1/2 X 15 inches, oil on canvas, Butler Institute of American Art, Youngstown, OH.

 

 

Everett Shinn (American, 1876-1953), Dancer in White Before the Footlights, 1910, oil on canvas, 35 x 39 inches, Butler Institute of American Art, Youngstown, OH.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftGeorge Wesley Bellows (American, 1882-1925), Steaming Streets, 1908, oil on canvas, 38 3/8 x 30 1/4 inches (97.5 x 76.8 cm), Santa Barbara Museum of Art, CA. See painterly.

 

 

see thumbnail to rightGeorge Wesley Bellows (American, 1882-1925), Stag at Sharkey's, 1909, oil on canvas, 36 1/4 x 48 1/4 inches (92 x 122.6 cm), Cleveland Museum of Art. See diagonal.

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftGeorge Wesley Bellows, Cliff Dwellers, 1913, oil on canvas, 40 1/8 x 42 inches (101.9 x 106.7 cm), Los Angeles County Museum of Art.

 

see thumbnail to rightGeorge Wesley Bellows, Mrs. T in Cream Silk, No.2, 1920, oil on canvas, 53 x 43 inches, Minneapolis Institute of Arts.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftGeorge Wesley Bellows, The White Horse, 1922, oil on canvas, Worcester Art Museum, MA.

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightEdward Hopper (American, 1882-1967), Early Sunday Morning, 1930, oil on canvas, 35 3/16 x 60 1/4 inches (89.4 x 153 cm), Whitney Museum of American Art, NY. See American Scene painting and rectangle.

 

 

 

Related Links:

 

 

Also see American Scene painting.

 

 

 

 

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