Relief Sculpture

What is a Relief Sculpture? A “relief” sculpture is a sculpture where the foreground elements are attached to and made of the same material as the background. “Relief” comes from the latin root “relevo”, which means “to raise”, as the sculpted elements of the artwork are “raised” up from the background.  These works are sometimes …

Relief Sculpture Read More »

Renaissance Art

Renaissance art is defined as the painting, sculpture, architecture and other decorative arts created in Europe between the 15th and 16th centuries, just after the Middle Ages. The Renaissance period provided a rebirth of classicism and an appreciation of the classical learning of ancient Greece and Rome, influencing fine art, literature and philosophy based on …

Renaissance Art Read More »

Romanticism

What is Romanticism? Romanticism is a European cultural movement promoting the expression of feelings, individualism, the beauty of nature, and a melancholic past. Starting at the end of the 18th century and in vogue until the mid-19th century, Romanticism stood in stark contrast to the Age of Enlightenment’s celebration of reason. The movement first flourished …

Romanticism Read More »

Self-Portrait

What is a Self-portrait? Self-portraiture is a sub-category of the artistic genre of portraiture. A self-portrait is a portrait of an artist realized by the artist himself or herself, mainly through the medium of painting, drawing, sculpture or photography.  A self-portrait is hardly a mere form of recording one’s appearance: it involves very often the …

Self-Portrait Read More »

Site-Specific Art 

What is Site-Specific Art? The term Site-Specific art is commonly used in the field of Contemporary Arts to indicate a type of artistic intervention specifically conceived for a precise location and that interacts with it. When designing a Site-Specific artwork, the artist pays particular attention to the spatial aspects of the chosen place. The work is usually created exclusively to …

Site-Specific Art  Read More »

Still Life (Painting and Drawing)

Still life is the painting or drawing of inanimate objects.  The common or cliche example would be a “bowl of fruit”, but could include things such as other types of food, drinking glasses, vases, books, clothing, or natural items like flowers and plants, rocks and sea-shells, etc. History of the Still Life Genre Still life …

Still Life (Painting and Drawing) Read More »

Synthetic Cubism

What is Synthetic Cubism? Synthetic Cubism is the second phase of the Cubism art movement that lasted from 1912 to 1914, around the time of the first world war. Led by artists Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque, Synthetic Cubism is characterised by flat depictions of everyday objects and bolder, more symbolic compositions than its antecedent, …

Synthetic Cubism Read More »

The Independent Group

What is the Independent Group? The Independent Group (IG) is a group of painters, sculptors, art critics, writers, and architects who met at the Institute of Contemporary Arts (ICA) in London. Young artists theorize and explore a challenging approach to art organizing collective exhibitions between 1952 and 1955. The art movement laid the foundation for …

The Independent Group Read More »

Triptych

What is a Triptych? A triptych – from the Greek ‘tri’ meaning three and ‘ptyx’ meaning fold – is a work of art in three sections. Commonly a triptych is painted on wood, composed of a central panel flanked by two hinged pieces on either side. The term itself originates from the 18th century. Before …

Triptych Read More »

Trompe-L’oeil

What is Trompe l’oeil? Trompe l’oeil (sometimes stylised as trompe-l’œil or trompe loeil) is a French term that, when literally translated, means ‘to deceive the eye’. It is an art technique that uses optical illusions for mimetic effect or to push the boundaries of nature, creating puzzling realities. Trompe l’oeil is often used to describe …

Trompe-L’oeil Read More »