Papier collé

What is papier collé? Papier collé is a particular form of collage. The term papier collé is, in fact, a French word that literally means ‘pasted paper’. This artistic technique consists of pasting paper cut outs to create a decorative composition. Pasted pieces represent objects or they simulate different non paper materials, such as wood. …

Papier collé Read More »

Pendentive

What is a Pendentive? In architecture, a pendentive is a triangular structure enabling the placing of a circular dome over a square room, or an elliptical dome over a rectangular room. Pendentives are positioned at the four corners of a room, where they curve inward to meet the dome’s round base, resulting in triangular segments of a sphere. …

Pendentive Read More »

Performance Art

What is Performance Art? Performance Art is an experimental act of visual art that is meant to be experienced as a live event. Performance artworks are created on the basis of actions performed by the artist and sometimes other participants. The term “Performance Art” emerged in the 1970s and is closely related to the “Happenings” …

Performance Art Read More »

Plein Air Painting

Plein air or en plein air is an approach to painting that involves painting in the open. Painting in nature became very popular during the 19th century. This popularity was generated by members of various artistic movements, primarily impressionists, naturalists and post-impressionists. Numerous innovations in the field of painting tools have enabled the spread of …

Plein Air Painting Read More »

Pointillism

Pointillism is a painting technique characterized by a meticulous arrangement of primary colors in small dots. It emerged within the neo-impressionist movement developed by Georges Seurat and Paul Signac, in France in the mid-1880s. The pointillist technique involved a scientific approach based on the latest advances in the theory of optics of the time. The color …

Pointillism Read More »

Pop Art

Pop Art was an art movement that began in the 1950s in the United Kingdom, becoming a popular in the United States in the 1960s. It was a reaction to the preceding art movements such as Abstract Expressionism, which was essentially highly personal and philosophical, and to the elitism of both traditional and modernist “high …

Pop Art Read More »

Post-Impressionism

What is Post-Impressionism? Post-Impressionism is a term used to describe the development of art that took place in France after Impressionism. It lasted roughly from 1886, when the last impressionist exhibition occurred, up to 1910, when Fauvism was born. The main Post-impressionists were Paul Cézanne (1839-1906), Paul Gauguin (1848-1903), Vincent van Gogh (1853-1890), Georges Seurat …

Post-Impressionism Read More »

Pre-Raphaelite Art

What is Pre-Raphaelite Art? The Pre-Raphaelites (also known as Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood) were a group of young British artists that around the 1850 opposed the artificial, manneristic and conventional style of the English Academic painting. They proposed an alternative approach to art which privileged the study of nature, a focus on realism and details, medieval and …

Pre-Raphaelite Art Read More »

Readymade

What is Readymade Art? Readymade art, or readymade, is the term used to describe art that is created from found objects. These objects are often modified by the artist and amplify the non-art quality of the original object without disguising its utilitarian purpose. Readymade art challenged the conventions of Western art by questioning what kinds …

Readymade Read More »

Realism

What is Realism? Realism refers to a modernist art movement that spanned various forms including the visual arts, literature, film and philosophy. Realist tradition was popular in visual art of the late 19th century for its attempt to represent scenes of everyday life truthfully and without embellishment or illusion. Examples of Realism in Art The …

Realism Read More »