Neo-Impressionism

What is Neo-Impressionism? Neo-impressionism was a movement in painting that appeared in France in the late nineteenth century as a reaction to the spontaneity of Impressionism. It was led by Georges Seurat (1859-1891), the initial theorist of the movement, and Paul Signac (1863-1935), its leading spokesman. Neo-Impressionists invented a new painting technique known as pointillism …

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Papier collé

What is papier collé? Papier collé is a particular form of collage. The term papier collé is, in fact, a French word that literally means ‘pasted paper’. This artistic technique consists of pasting paper cut outs to create a decorative composition. Pasted pieces represent objects or they simulate different non paper materials, such as wood. …

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Pop Art

Pop Art was an art movement that began in the 1950s in the United Kingdom, becoming a popular in the United States in the 1960s. It was a reaction to the preceding art movements such as Abstract Expressionism, which was essentially highly personal and philosophical, and to the elitism of both traditional and modernist “high …

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Post-Impressionism

What is Post-Impressionism? Post-Impressionism is a term used to describe the development of art that took place in France after Impressionism. It lasted roughly from 1886, when the last impressionist exhibition occurred, up to 1910, when Fauvism was born. The main Post-impressionists were Paul Cézanne (1839-1906), Paul Gauguin (1848-1903), Vincent van Gogh (1853-1890), Georges Seurat …

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Pre-Raphaelite Art

What is Pre-Raphaelite Art? The Pre-Raphaelites (also known as Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood) were a group of young British artists that around the 1850 opposed the artificial, manneristic and conventional style of the English Academic painting. They proposed an alternative approach to art which privileged the study of nature, a focus on realism and details, medieval and …

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Realism

What is Realism? Realism is the realistic and natural representation of things in artwork. As we all know, there is an element of fantasy to images. If you saw a painting, sculpture, or any other artwork depicting a subject that was not literally present to the artist, you would not consider that piece to be …

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Relief Sculpture

What is a Relief Sculpture? A “relief” sculpture is a sculpture where the foreground elements are attached to and made of the same material as the background. “Relief” comes from the latin root “relevo”, which means “to raise”, as the sculpted elements of the artwork are “raised” up from the background.  These works are sometimes …

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Romanticism

What is Romanticism? Romanticism is a European cultural movement promoting the expression of feelings, individualism, the beauty of nature, and a melancholic past. Starting at the end of the 18th century and in vogue until the mid-19th century, Romanticism stood in stark contrast to the Age of Enlightenment’s celebration of reason. The movement first flourished …

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Self-Portrait

What is a Self-portrait? Self-portraiture is a sub-category of the artistic genre of portraiture. A self-portrait is a portrait of an artist realized by the artist himself or herself, mainly through the medium of painting, drawing, sculpture or photography.  A self-portrait is hardly a mere form of recording one’s appearance: it involves very often the …

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Site-Specific Art 

What is Site-Specific Art? The term Site-Specific art is commonly used in the field of Contemporary Arts to indicate a type of artistic intervention specifically conceived for a precise location and that interacts with it. When designing a Site-Specific artwork, the artist pays particular attention to the spatial aspects of the chosen place. The work is usually created exclusively to …

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