Feminist Art

What is Feminist Art? Feminist art is an art movement that emerged from the strength of the women’s rights movement in the 1960s and 1970s. The movement challenges men’s dominance in not only art but also society as a whole. It is often solely related to the creation of feminist art theory; however, as a …

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Frottage Art

What is Frottage Art? Frottage is an artistic technique first adopted by the Surrealist artist Max Ernst in the second half of the 1920s. The frottage creative process is based on the principle of rubbing a sheet of paper or a canvas over a rough and textured surface, using a pencil, a crayon or other …

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Futurism

What is Futurism? Futurism was a modern art movement which started in Italy in the early 20th century. Futurism celebrated technology, progress, and dynamism of the modern life. The founder of Futurism was Italian poet Filippo Tommaso Marinetti (1876 – 1944) who announced the birth of the movement in his Futurist Manifesto published in 1909. …

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Harlem Renaissance (Art Movement)

What is the Harlem Renaissance? The Harlem Renaissance is a period in the American History, spanning the 1920s and the 1930s, characterized by the rebirth of the African American culture and black identity empowerment. This revival was particularly evident in literature, arts, music, theatre and fashion. The Harlem Renaissance writers, painters, and sculptors celebrated the …

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Hudson River School

What is Hudson River School? Hudson River School indicates a large group of American painters who worked around 1850 in the United States, especially in the north of the state of New York and in New England, who focused on landscape painting. It has been the first native and dominant school of painting in the United …

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Impressionism

What is Impressionism? Impressionism is an art movement that originated in France in the 1860s and lasted until the late 1880s. The movement introduced new approaches to painting, such as capturing the changing effects of daylight on colors and objects at different times of the day, painting outdoors, and painting scenes from everyday life. The …

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Minimalist Art

What is Minimalist Art? Minimalist Art (or Minimalism) is an artistic tendency developed in the United States in the Sixties and characterized by works of art with extremely simple and modular forms, reduced to their elementary geometric structure. In Minimalism, the forms of expressiveness, emotionality, identity are suppressed in order to emphasize the objectivity and …

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Pop Art

Pop Art was an art movement that began in the 1950s in the United Kingdom, becoming a popular in the United States in the 1960s. It was a reaction to the preceding art movements such as Abstract Expressionism, which was essentially highly personal and philosophical, and to the elitism of both traditional and modernist “high …

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Post-Impressionism

What is Post-Impressionism? Post-Impressionism is a term used to describe the development of art that took place in France after Impressionism. It lasted roughly from 1886, when the last impressionist exhibition occurred, up to 1910, when Fauvism was born. The main Post-impressionists were Paul Cézanne (1839-1906), Paul Gauguin (1848-1903), Vincent van Gogh (1853-1890), Georges Seurat …

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Pre-Raphaelite Art

What is Pre-Raphaelite Art? The Pre-Raphaelites (also known as Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood) were a group of young British artists that around the 1850 opposed the artificial, manneristic and conventional style of the English Academic painting. They proposed an alternative approach to art which privileged the study of nature, a focus on realism and details, medieval and …

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