Dada (Dadaism)

What is Dada (Dadaism)? Dada (or Dadaism) is an avant-garde literary and artistic movement of the 20th Century, developed between the 1916 and 1922, as a revolutionary and critical rejection to the brutality of the First World War. The origins of the term are still unclear and there are various interpretations under consideration: Dada could …

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Die Brücke

What is Die Brücke? Die Brücke (The Bridge) was a group of German painters and printmakers founded in 1905 in Dresden and lasted until 1913. They were avant-garde artists who created the first German expressionist group. Brücke members realized paintings and prints characterized by bold lines, bright and non-naturalistic colors, and simplified style. Their subjects …

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Diptych

What is a Diptych? A diptych is a term naming an artwork composed of two parts. The word comes from the Greek “dipthukos”, and the Late Latin “diptycha” meaning folded double. The two plates or panels, attached or hinged together, are either mobile or stationary. The panels are usually painted or carved with related illustrations. …

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Divisionism

Divisionism is a scientific approach to painting that was based on modern achievements in the field of optics in the 19th century. These achievements are related to the unique qualities of the primary colors and their mutual relation in the image without prior mixing of pigments. This theory served as the basis for numerous painting …

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Earth Art

What is Earth Art? Earth art, also known as land art, earthworks, or environmental art, refers to a visual arts movement that began in the 1960s and 70s, primarily in the U.K and U.S. Earth art took nature as its central theme and artists in the movement predominantly used natural materials to construct artworks, including …

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Encaustic Painting

What is Encaustic Painting? Encaustic painting is an ancient mixed media technique or process of painting characterised by the use of colored pigments mixed with hot wax (mostly beeswax). The beeswax acts as a binder and the liquid is kept warm through the use of a brazier, then applied through a brush or a metal …

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Expressionism

What is Expressionism? Expressionism is a modernist movement that first developed around 1905 and continued until around the end of World War II. Expressionist artists sought to represent the world from a subjective perspective by using color and distortion of the subject to evoke moods and achieve an emotional effect. Expressionism was initially very popular …

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Fauvism

What is Fauvism? Fauvism was an art movement that flourished in France from 1905 to 1908. It was led by Henri Matisse (1869 – 1954) and André Derain (1880 – 1954). Other important Fauvists were Maurice de Vlaminck, Henri Charles Manguin, Othon Friesz, Kees van Dongen, Georges Braque, and Raoul Dufy. Their work was characterized …

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Feminist Art

What is Feminist Art? Feminist art is an art movement that emerged from the strength of the women’s rights movement in the 1960s and 1970s. The movement challenges men’s dominance in not only art but also society as a whole. It is often solely related to the creation of feminist art theory; however, as a …

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Fluxus

What is Fluxus? Fluxus refers to an international avant garde art movement, popular in the 1960s and 1970s that valued chance, indeterminacy and the process of art-making over the final product. Fluxus artwork typically consisted of experimental art performances that were expressly anti-art and Fluxus artists sought to make all forms of art accessible to …

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