Fauvism

What is Fauvism? Fauvism was an art movement that flourished in France from 1905 to 1908. It was led by Henri Matisse (1869 – 1954) and André Derain (1880 – 1954). Other important Fauvists were Maurice de Vlaminck, Henri Charles Manguin, Othon Friesz, Kees van Dongen, Georges Braque, and Raoul Dufy. Their work was characterized …

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Feminist Art

What is Feminist Art? Feminist art is an art movement that emerged from the strength of the women’s rights movement in the 1960s and 1970s. The movement challenges men’s dominance in not only art but also society as a whole. It is often solely related to the creation of feminist art theory; however, as a …

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Frottage Art

What is Frottage Art? Frottage is an artistic technique first adopted by the Surrealist artist Max Ernst in the second half of the 1920s. The frottage creative process is based on the principle of rubbing a sheet of paper or a canvas over a rough and textured surface, using a pencil, a crayon or other …

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Futurism

What is Futurism? Futurism was a modern art movement which started in Italy in the early 20th century. Futurism celebrated technology, progress, and dynamism of the modern life. The founder of Futurism was Italian poet Filippo Tommaso Marinetti (1876 – 1944) who announced the birth of the movement in his Futurist Manifesto published in 1909. …

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Harlem Renaissance (Art Movement)

What is the Harlem Renaissance? The Harlem Renaissance is a period in the American History, spanning the 1920s and the 1930s, characterized by the rebirth of the African American culture and black identity empowerment. This revival was particularly evident in literature, arts, music, theatre and fashion. The Harlem Renaissance writers, painters, and sculptors celebrated the …

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Hudson River School

What is Hudson River School? Hudson River School indicates a large group of American painters who worked around 1850 in the United States, especially in the north of the state of New York and in New England, who focused on landscape painting. It has been the first native and dominant school of painting in the United …

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Impressionism

What is Impressionism? Impressionism is an art movement that originated in France in the 1860s and lasted until the late 1880s. The movement introduced new approaches to painting, such as capturing the changing effects of daylight on colors and objects at different times of the day, painting outdoors, and painting scenes from everyday life. The …

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Map

A map is a visual representation of an area, most commonly the surface of the Earth. The map is a symbolic representation of the entire area it shows, with the emphasis on showing the relationships rather than exact distances, sizes, and topological shapes. Maps can be printed on flat paper, made as a relief sculpture, …

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Minimalist Art

What is Minimalist Art? Minimalist Art (or Minimalism) is an artistic tendency developed in the United States in the Sixties and characterized by works of art with extremely simple and modular forms, reduced to their elementary geometric structure. In Minimalism, the forms of expressiveness, emotionality, identity are suppressed in order to emphasize the objectivity and …

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Neo-Impressionism

What is Neo-Impressionism? Neo-impressionism was a movement in painting that appeared in France in the late nineteenth century as a reaction to the spontaneity of Impressionism. It was led by Georges Seurat (1859-1891), the initial theorist of the movement, and Paul Signac (1863-1935), its leading spokesman. Neo-Impressionists invented a new painting technique known as pointillism …

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