These lessons can enable students to meet
Arizona Academic Standards


Our state government adopted the Arizona Academic Standards in the Visual Arts in 1997 in order to ensure academic excellence. These standards establish benchmarks for what students should know and be able to do.

The lessons in this sculpture unit have been designed to enable students to develop the skills necessary to meet the three Visual Arts standards with proficiency in grades 9-12. The numbers following the descriptions of each skill refer to the lessons (1, 2, 3, 4, and 5) in this sculpture unit which have been targeted to develop those skills.


Standard 1: Creating Art

Students know and apply the arts, disciplines, techniques and processes to communicate in original or interpretive work.

  1. Create works of art that apply media, techniques and processes with controlled skill, craftsmanship, confidence, understanding and sensitivity. Lessons: 2, 3, 4, and 5.
  2. Demonstrate extensive knowledge of skills and techniques in at least one visual art form. Lessons: 2, 3, 4, and 5.
  3. Reflect on and articulate reasons for artistic decisions. Lessons: 2, 3, 4, and 5.
  4. Sustain a portfolio of created work demonstrating the progression of knowledge and skills. Lessons: 2, 3, 4, and 5 (if the instructor requires this).


Standard 2: Art in Context

Students demonstrate how interrelated conditions (social economic, political, time, and place) influence and give meaning to the development and reception of thought, ideas and concepts in the arts.

  1. Analyze and interpret how elements of time and place influence the visual characteristics, content, purpose and message of works of art. Lessons: 1, 3, 4, and 5.
  2. Describe the function and meaning of specific art objects within varied cultures, times and places. Lessons: 1, 2, and 3.
  3. Analyze and interpret how technologies and scientific advances in the visual arts and other disciplines (e.g., humanities, science, mathematics) influence the creation of work. Lessons: 2 and 3.
  4. Identify and evaluate the role of the visual arts and artists in business, industry, technology and the community. Lessons: 3.
  5. Analyze contemporary art issues and influences on own work and that of others. Lessons: 3 and 5.


Standard 3: Art as Inquiry

Students demonstrate how the arts reveal universal concepts and themes. Students reflect upon and assess the characteristics and merits of their work and the work of others.

  1. Identify and critique the reasons for the success or need for improvement in a progression of their own works. Lesson: 4.
  2. Compare and explain the power of the visual arts to communicate universal concepts (e.g., love, birth, death, truth, fear) through time and across cultures. Lesson: 5.
  3. Identify intentions of those creating artworks, compare implications of the various purposes, and justify analysis of purposes in particular artworks. Lessons: 1, 2, 3, and 4.
  4. Compare the materials, technologies, media and processes of the visual arts with those of other arts disciplines and subject areas to create and analyze artworks. Lesson: 5.
  5. Analyze and interpret the effectiveness of contemporary artistic expressions in at least one visual art form, school or style. Lesson: 1.



Go to the Sculpture Unit Introductory Page.