teacher or educator
- Someone who imparts knowledge,
skills, or wisdom to others; assesses
and praisesachievement. Synonyms: instructor, tutor, preceptor,
mentor, guide, guru, sage, coach, educationist, educationalist,
pedagogue, fellow, lecturer, expositor, exponent, interpreter,
prelector, professor, initiator, mystagogue, model, confidant,
consultant, adviser. Educator, like [educational] practitioner
— one of its most recent synonyms — is typically used instead
of "teacher" in order to include principals and other
educating professionals who might otherwise feel left out.
In the first decade of the new millennium,
America will need to hire 2 million teachers to meet rising enrollment
demand and replace an aging teaching force. That includes a LOT
of art educators!
If you are looking for information about
financial aid, specific financial aid programs, or financial
aid for persons of color, you can use the resources at recruitingteachers.org.
What are the most important traits
of a great teacher? The first two are knowledge of the subject
matter and the ability to communicate
it, but those are just the beginning. Here are the next six:
Students need teachers who care about them. Teachers can learn
how students spend their out-of-school time, about their likes,
dislikes, abilities, family structures, and how they react to
relationships, praise, and correction. Interested teachers gather
information about their students on a regular basis, and then
use that information to plan instructional programs that draw
on students' strengths.
Students need teachers who listen to them, inside and outside
of the classroom. Teachers need to empathize with students' intellectual,
physical, social, emotional, and aesthetic
Students expect to be treated fairly. Students need to feel equally
important to their teacher and the classroom family. Fair teachers
give students opportunities to make choices in the classroom,
and to experience success every day.
Students expect teachers to say what they mean and practice what
they say. Teachers and students should create classroom guidelines
together, and see that consequences are both meaningful and consistently
applied. Inconsistency is important in some things: variety
and flexibility are crucial to creativity and growth.
Teachers must be genuine. Students should be able to trust their
teachers with their opinions and feelings. Sincere teachers stress
the importance of maintaining a safe and family atmosphere in
the classroom. They realize that many students need a friend
and are extremely vulnerable. Sincerity dies with every use of
"You must train the children to their
studies in a playful manner, and without any air of constraint,
with the further object of discerning more readily the natural
bent of their respective characters."
Plato (c. 427-347 BCE),
Greek philosopher. Socrates, in The Republic, book 7,
"Those who educate children well
are more to be honored than parents, for these gave only life,
those the art of living well."
Aristotle (384-322 BCE),
"You cannot teach a man anything;
you can only help him find it within himself."
Galileo Galilei (1564-1642), Italian astronomer.
"The true teacher defends his pupils
against his own personal influence. He inspires self-distrust.
He guides their eyes from himself to the spirit that quickens
him. He will have no disciple."
A. Bronson Alcott (1799-1888), U.S. educator, social reformer.
Orphic Sayings, "The Teacher" (1840).
"What office is there which involves
more responsibility, which requires more qualifications, and
which ought, therefore, to be more honourable, than that of teaching?"
Harriet Martineau (1802-76), English writer, social critic. Society
in America, volume 3, "Occupation" (1837).
"To know how to suggest is the great
art of teaching. To attain it we must be able to guess what will
interest; we must learn to read the childish soul as we might
a piece of music. Then, by simply changing the key, we keep up
the attraction and vary the song."
Henri-Frédéric Amiel (1821-81), Swiss philosopher,
poet. Journal Intime (1882; translated by Mrs. Humphry
Ward, 1892), entry for November 16, 1864.
"A schoolmaster should have an atmosphere
of awe, and walk wonderingly, as if he was amazed at being himself."
Walter Bagehot (1826-1877), English economist, critic. "Hartley
Coleridge" (1852; reprinted in Literary Studies,
volume 1, 1878).
"A teacher affects eternity; he can
never tell where his influence stops."
Henry Adams (1838-1918), American historian. The Education
of Henry Adams, chapter 20 (1907).
"To believe in a child is to believe
in the future. Through their aspirations they will save the world.
With their combined knowledge the turbulent seas of hate and
injustice will be calmed. They will champion the causes of life's
underdogs, forging a society without class discrimination. They
will supply humanity with music and beauty as it has never been
known. They will endure. Towards these ends I pledge my life's
work. I will supply the children with tools and knowledge to
overcome the obstacles. I will pass on the wisdom of my years
and temper it with patience. I shall impact in each child the
desire to fulfill his or her dream. I shall teach."
Henry James (1843-1916), American writer.
"No bubble is so iridescent or floats
longer than that blown by the successful teacher."
Sir William Osler (1849-1919), Canadian physician. Address, October
4, 1911, Glasgow (quoted in: Harvey Cushing, Life of Sir William
Osler, volume 2, chapter 31, 1925).
"We teachers can only help the work
going on, as servants wait upon a master."
Maria Montessori (1870-1952), Italian educationist. The Absorbent
Mind, chapter 1 (1949).
"One looks back with appreciation
to the brilliant teachers, but with gratitude to those who touched
our human feelings. The curriculum is so much necessary raw material,
but warmth is the vital element for the growing plant and for
the soul of the child."
Carl Jung (1875-1961), Swiss psychiatrist. The Gifted Child
(1943; reproduced in Collected Works, volume 17, paragraph
249, edited by William McGuire, 1954).
"A man can only attain knowledge
with the help of those who possess it. This must be understood
from the very beginning. One must learn from him who knows."
George Gurdjieff (c. 1877 - 1949), Greek-Armenian religious teacher, mystic. Quoted in: P. D. Ouspensky, In Search of the Miraculous, chapter 2 (1949).
"Arrogance, pedantry, and dogmatism
. . . the occupational diseases of those who spend their lives
directing the intellects of the young."
Henry S. Canby (1878-1961), American author, editor. Alma
Mater, chapter 5 (1936).
"It is the supreme art of the teacher
to awaken joy in creative expression and knowledge."
Albert Einstein (1879-1955), German-born U.S. physicist.
"Modern cynics and skeptics . . .
see no harm in paying those to whom they entrust the minds of
their children a smaller wage than is paid to those to whom they
entrust the care of their plumbing."
John F. Kennedy (1917-1963), 35th President of the United States,
"Teaching is not a lost art, but
the regard for it is a lost tradition."
Jacques Barzun (1907-), American scholar. Newsweek (New
York, December 5, 1955).
"Life is amazing: and the teacher
had better prepare himself to be a medium for that amazement."
Edward Blishen (1920-), British author. Donkey Work, part
2, chapter 5 (1983).
"In our world of big names, curiously,
our true heroes tend to be anonymous. In this life of illusion
and quasi-illusion, the person of solid virtues who can be admired
for something more substantial than his well-knownness often
proves to be the unsung hero: the teacher, the nurse, the mother,
the honest cop, the hard worker at lonely, underpaid, unglamorous,
Daniel J. Boorstin (1914-), American historian. The Image,
chapter 2 (1961).
"The artist is an educator of artists of the future."
Saul Steinberg (1914-1999), Romanian-born American artist. See artist.
"Housework is a breeze. Cooking is
a pleasant diversion. Putting up a retaining wall is a lark.
But teaching is like climbing a mountain."
Fawn M. Brodie (1915-1981), U.S. biographer. Quoted in: Los
Angeles Times Home Magazine (February 20, 1977).
"A teacher should have maximal authority,
and minimal power."
Thomas Szasz (1920-), American psychiatrist. The Second Sin,
"There is no real teacher who in
practise does not believe in the existence of the soul, or in
a magic that acts on it through speech."
Allan Bloom (1930-1992), American educator, author. The Closing
of the American Mind, Preface (1987).