A workshop where an artist or craftsman produces, teaches or studies
art. In French called an atelier, in Italian a bottega.
Depictions of studios:
Bosporan Kingdom (on the Black Sea Coast), Portrait Artist's Workshop Painted Sarcophagus (detail), 1st century CE, limestone, entire sarcophagus 81 x 215 x l 57 cm, State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia.
Master of Balaam, Dutch, St. Eligius in His Studio, c. 1450, engraving on paper, 11.5 x 18.5 cm, Rijksmuseum, Netherlands. A man in a bishop's mantle is working in a metalsmiths workshop. "The man is Eligius, patron saint of smiths. He is hammering a goblet into shape on his anvil. Three other people are working in the studio: a master smith and two apprentices. The table is covered with tools. On the right, hammers, tongs and files hang in orderly rows against the wall. On the left is the furnace."
Jan van der Straet (Stradanus) (Dutch, 1523-1604), Painter's Studio, woodcut. As the master paints a large canvas with a picture of St. George and the Dragon at the center, an apprentice paints a portrait from a model at left, two make drawings and one mixes colors in the foreground, two more grind pigments into oil on the right, and a last one carries a canvas toward the doorway. Windows let in natural light from several angles. There are numerous shelves, drawers and tables for supplies and works-in-progress. See Dutch art.
Adriaen van Ostade (Dutch, 1610-1685), The Artist's Workshop, oil on canvas. See easel and mahlstick.
Johannes Vermeer (Dutch, 1632-1675), Allegory of Painting (The Painter in His Studio), c. 1666, oil on canvas, 130 x 110 cm, Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna. The model personifies Clio, Muse of History, holding the trumpet of fame in her right hand and the chronicle of world events in her left. Attributes of other muses, including a mask, lie on the table. These make the painter a narrator of stories. See paint-by-number.
Gustave Courbet (French, 1819-1877), The Painter's Studio, A Real Allegory, 1855, oil on canvas, 11 feet 10 1/4 inches x 19 feet 7 1/2 inches (361 x 598 cm), Musée d'Orsay, Paris. See Realism.
Edouard Manet (French, 1832-1883), Monet Painting in His Floating Studio, 1874, Bayerische Staatsgemaldesammlungen, Munich.
William Merritt Chase, A Corner of My Studio, c. 1895, oil on canvas, 24 1/8 x 36 inches, Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, CA. See Ten American Painters.
Jefferson David Chalfant (American, 1856-1931), Bouguereau's Atelier at the Academie Julian, Paris, 1891, oil on wood panel, 11 1/4 x 14 1/2 inches (28.6 x 36.8 cm), Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, CA. See academic, atelier, and kitsch.
Henri Matisse (French, 1869-1954), The Red Studio (L'Atelier rouge; Le panneau rouge), 1911, oil on canvas, 71 1/4 inches x 7 feet 2 1/4 inches (181 x 219.1 cm), Museum of Modern Art, NY. See Fauvism.
Henri Matisse, The Painter in His Studio or The Painter and His Model, 1917, oil on canvas, 146.5 x 97 cm, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris. See model.
A reconstruction of the studio of Constantin Brancusi (Rumanian, 1876-1956) is a part of the Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris. Constantin Brancusi lived in Paris from 1904 until his death. He created the majority of his works in the studios he occupied successively at 8 and 11 Impasse Ronsin in the fifteenth arrondissement. In his will he bequeathed the whole of his studio and its contents (his works, furniture, tools and workbenches, documents, and books) to the French government on the condition that the studio be reconstituted as it had been in the Impasse Ronsin. In this photo is the entryway to Brancusi's studio, where there are displayed two Endless Columns, 1925, and Bird in Flight, 1941. More photos of Brancusi's studio can be found in Hideo Nogami's English language article "L'atelier Brancusi — Saint's home where Ezra Pound visited" on his website, From Modern to Postmodern. Also see sculpture.
Georges Braque (French, 1882-1963), The Studio, 1939, oil with sand on canvas, 44 1/2 x 57 1/2 inches (113 x 146.1 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.
Also see atelier, bottega, and smock.