statue, statuette, and statuary - A "statue" is a three-dimensional form of a person or animal sculpted, carved, modeled, or cast in any material, usually an entire figure, and especially when done in the round rather than in relief.
"Statue" is not a synonym for "sculpture." Many other three-dimensional forms are considered sculptures than are considered statues.
A "statuette" is a small statue.
"Statuary" is a collective term for statues; a group of statues. It can refer to the art of making statues, and is also a rare term for a sculptor.
"Statue" is related to such words as "statute," "stationery," "statistics," and even "destitute." The Latin word "status," meaning "position" or "state," is the source of these and other English words. Some terms of this family are directly related to "status," while others come to English through "statuere," a Latin verb from "status" that means "to set up." "Statuere" also gave us "constitute," "institute," and "restitution," among other similar-sounding words.
The abbreviation for statue is stat.
Egypt, Statuette of the Goddess Taweret, Late Period, c. 712 - 30 BCE, Egyptian faience, 4 1/4 x 1 1/2 inches (10.8 x 3.8 cm), Michael C. Carlos Museum, Michael C. Carlos Museum, Emery U, Atlanta, GA.
Also see alabaster, allegory, angel, armature, atlant, base, bas-relief, bronze, bust, caryatid, ceramic, colossus and colossal, costume, Cycladic art, equestrian statue or equestrian art, figuration, granite, ivory, limestone, Madonna, marble, memorials, monuments, mythology, niche, patina, plaster, polychrome, portrait, public art, represent, stone, terra cotta, and vertical.