ArtLex Art Dictionary

 

 

 

EExamples of sculpture by artists born between 1850 and 1899:

 

Daniel Chester French (American, 1850-1931).

 

see thumbnail aboveMedardo Rosso (Italian, 1858-1928), Laughing Woman [Large Version], c. 1891, wax over plaster, 54.5 x 51.0 x 19.2 cm, Tate Gallery, London. See a larger view of the back of this sculpture.

 

 

Émile Antoine Bourdelle (French, 1861-1929)

 

 

Aristide Maillol (French, 1861-1944)

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftAristide Maillol, Venus with a Necklace, c. 1918-28, bronze, 175.3 x 61.0 x 40.0 cm, Tate Gallery, London.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightAristide Maillol, The Three Nymphs, 1930-8, cast 1937-8, lead, 157.5 x 146.7 x 80.6 cm, Tate Gallery, London.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftFrederic Remington (American, 1861-1909), The Mountain Man, 1903 (this cast, by March 1907), bronze, 27 3/4 x 12 x 10 inches (70.5 x 30.5 x 25.4 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.

 

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightHenri Matisse (French, 1869-1954), Henriette III (Large Head), 1929, bronze, height 40 cm, Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia.

 

 

Raymond Duchamp-Villon (French, 1876-1918). See Cubism.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftConstantin Brancusi (French, born Romania, 1876-1957), Maiastra, 1911, bronze and stone, 90.5 x 17.1 x 17.8 cm, Tate Gallery, London.

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightConstantin Brancusi, The Muse, 1912, marble, 17 3/4 x 9 x 6 3/4 inches, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, NY. This sculpture was exhibited in the influential Armory Show of 1913.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftConstantin Brancusi, The Newborn, 1915, marble, 8 1/2 x 6 inches, Philadelphia Museum of Art.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightConstantin Brancusi, Danaïde, c. 1918, bronze on a limestone base, object 27.9 x 17.1 x 21.0 cm, Tate Gallery, London.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftConstantin Brancusi, Head, c. 1919-23, oak, 29.2 x 19.4 x 21.0 cm, Tate Gallery, London. See wood.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightConstantin Brancusi, Bird in Space, 1923, marble, (with base) 56 3/4 x 6 1/2 inches (144.1 x 16.5 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftConstantin Brancusi, Fish, 1926, polished bronze, metal and wood, 93.4 x 50.2 x 50.2 cm, Tate Gallery, London. See pedestal.

 

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightConstantin Brancusi, Endless Column, 1937-38, metal-coated cast-iron modules on a steel spine, height 98 feet, Târgu-Jiu, Romania. It was restored and reassembled in 2000, as seen here. Endless Column is one of three elements in a sculptural ensemble. the other two works are the travertine Table of Silence and the Gate of the Kiss. The Endless Column was conceived as a monument to young Romanians who died in World War I. See column and vertical.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftConstantin Brancusi, Bird in Flight, c. 1940, polished bronze, Neue Nationalgalerie, Berlin.

 

 

Julio Gonzalez (Spanish, 1876-1942)

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightSir Jacob Epstein (English, 1880-1959), Torso in Metal from 'The Rock Drill', 1913-14, bronze, 70.5 x 58.4 x 44.5 cm, Tate Gallery, London.

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftPablo Picasso (Spanish, 1881-1973), Head of a Woman (Fernande Olivier), 1909, bronze, height 16 1/4 inches. This was Picasso's first attempt to create sculpturally what he had developed two-dimensionally with cubism. As H. H. Arnason said, although it is therefore "historically of the greatest significance as the first step toward an entirely new kind of sculpture — that of construction or assemblage — at this point Picasso had not yet realized the implications of cubism for sculpture." See construction and assemblage.

 

 

Pablo Picasso, Guitar, 1912, sheet metal and wire construction, height 30 3/4 inches, Musée Picasso, Paris. Here the potential of cubism for sculpture became fully realized.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightPablo Picasso, Baboon and Young, 1951, bronze, height 21 inches.

 

 

Gaston Lachaise (French-American, 1882-1935)

 

Elie Nadelman (American, born in Poland, 1882-1946)

 

 

John Storrs (American, 1885-1956). See Art Deco.

 

 

Antoine Pevsner (Russian-French, 1886-1962). See Constructivism.

 

 

see thumbnail to rightAlexander Archipenko (American, born Russia, 1887-1964), Woman Combing her Hair, 1915, bronze, 35.6 x 8.6 x 8.3 cm, Tate Modern, London.

 

 

Jean [or Hans] Arp (French, 1887-1966)

 

 

Marcel Duchamp (French-American, b. France 1887-1968). See Dada and readymade.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftJacques Lipchitz (Russian-American, 1891-1973), Sculpture, 1915-16, limestone, 98.0 x 28.0 x 18.0 cm, Tate Gallery, London. See Cubism.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightJacques Lipchitz, Seated Man with Clarinet, 1920, plaster, 77.5 x 29.3 x 28.0 cm, Tate Gallery, London.

 

 

Alexander Calder (American, 1898-1976), Calder's Circus, 1926-31, mixed media: wire, wood, metal, cloth, yarn, paper, cardboard, leather, string, rubber tubing, corks, buttons, rhinestones, pipe cleaners, and bottle caps, 54 x 94 1/4 x 94 1/4 inches (137.2 x 239.4 x 239.4 cm) overall, Whitney Museum of American Art, NY. See mobile and stabile.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftHenry Moore, OM, CH (English, 1898-1986), Recumbent Figure, 1938, green Hornton stone, 88.9 x 132.7 x 73.7 cm, weight 520 kg, Tate Gallery, London.

 

see thumbnail to rightHenry Moore, OM, CH, Reclining Figure, 1951, plaster and string, 105.4 x 227.3 x 89.2 cm, Tate Gallery, London. See English art.

 

 

Louise Nevelson (American, born Russia, 1899-1988)

 

 

 

 

Examples by artists born earlier or later than those represented above:


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Also see assemblage, bas-relief, carved, cast, in the round, mold, and relief, as well as articles about various cultures, media, movements, simplicity, styles, etc.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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