ArtLex Art Dictionary

 

 

 

EExamples of portraits by artists who were born from 1801 to 1850:

Listed chronologically by artist's birth year

Use ctrl-F (PC) or command-F (Mac) to search for a name

 

 

Gustave Courbet (French, 1819-1877), Portrait of Juliette Courbet as a Sleeping Child, 1841, graphite on paper, Musée d'Orsay.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftFélix Nadar [Gaspard-Félix Tournachon] (French, 1820-1910), Portrait of Charles Baudelaire (1821-1867), c. 1850, unique test on salted paper, 24 x 18 cm, Musée d'Orsay, Paris. See French art and photography.

 

 

Mathew Brady (American, 1823-1896) Studio, Thomas Cole (1801-1848), c. 1846, daguerreotype, 5 3/8 x 4 inches (13.6 x 10.2 cm), National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC.

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightMathew B. Brady, Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865), 1860, salted paper print; sheet: 8.7 x 5.3cm (3 7/16 x 2 1/16 inches), National Portrait Gallery, Washington, DC.

 

 

Mathew Brady Studio, Ulysses S. Grant (1822-1885), 1864, albumen silver print, 4 9/16 x 4 3/4 inches (11.6 x 12.1 cm), National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC.

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftMathew Brady Studio, Walt Whitman (1819-1892), c. 1867, albumen silver print, 9 7/16 x 7 3/8 inches (23.9 x 18.7 cm), National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC. By 1867, Whitman's major work as a poet was done. His remaining years would be spent re-editing Leaves of Grass, writing prose, and cultivating his reputation throughout the world.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightSamuel Hollyer (American, 1826-1919) after Gabriel Harrison, Walt Whitman, c. 1854-1855, stipple engraving on paper, sheet: 29 x 21.3cm (11 7/16 x 8 3/8 inches), National Portrait Gallery, Washington, DC. Whitman was 36 years old, and self-published the first edition of Leaves of Grass, 1855, using this picture for its frontispiece, and later wrote of it: "I look so damned flamboyant, as if I was hurling bolts at somebody-full of mad oaths-saying defiantly, to hell with you!"

 

 

Charles Lutwidge Dodgson, aka Lewis Carroll (English mathematician and writer [author of Alice In Wonderland ], as well as photographer, 1832-1898), see thumbnail to leftdetail of Edith, Lorina and Alice (the Liddell sisters), 1859, the little girl who was the model for the fantasy Alice, photograph. A site posting many of his photos.

 

 

Charles Lutwidge Dodgson, aka Lewis Carroll, Dante Gabriel Rossetti (English painter and poet, 1828-1882), 1863, photograph.

 

 

Charles Lutwidge Dodgson, aka Lewis Carroll, Alfred, Lord Tennyson, photograph.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightHilaire-Germain-Edgar Degas (French, 1834-1917), Édouard Manet, Seated, 1866-68, portrait of Édouard Manet (French, 1832-1883), black chalk on off-white wove paper; sheet: 13 1/16 x 9 1/16 inches (33.1 x 23 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.

 

 

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftJames McNeill Whistler (American, 1834-1903, active in England), Drouet, 1859, etching and drypoint, 8 7/8 x 6 inches (22.5 x 15.2 cm), Los Angeles County Museum of Art.

 

 

see thumbnail to rightJames Abbott McNeill Whistler, Arrangement in Grey and Black No. 1: Portrait of the Artist's Mother, 1871, oil on canvas, 4 feet 8 3/4 x 5 feet 3 3/4 inches, Musée d'Orsay, Paris, France. With planes and shapes flattened, and color muted, Whistler's portrait demonstrates his devotion to aestheticism and art for art's sake. Accordingly, Whistler prefered to describe this paintings as an arrangement much as music is an arrangement of pure forms making him a precursor to abstract art. See rectangle.

 

 

Paul Cézanne (French, 1839-1906), Portrait of the Artist's Father, c. 1866, oil on canvas, 78 1/8 x 47 inches (198.5 x 119.3 cm), National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. See Impressionism and Post-Impressionism.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftPaul Cézanne, Hortense Fiquet in a Striped Skirt, 1877-1878, oil on canvas, 28 1/2 x 22 inches (72.5 x 56 cm), Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Venturi no. 292.

 

 

Paul Cézanne, Boy in a Red Vest (Garçon au gilet rouge), 1888-1890, oil on canvas, 25 7/8 x 21 1/2 inches (65.7 x 54.7 cm), Barnes Foundation, Merion, Pennsylvania.

 

 

Paul Cézanne, Peasant (Le paysan), c. 1891, oil on canvas, 22 x 18 1/8 inches (56 x 46 cm), private collection, Venturi no. 567.

 

 

Paul Cézanne, Woman in a Red-Striped Dress, 1892-1896, oil on canvas, 36 3/4 x 28 3/4 inches (93.2 x 73 cm), Barnes Foundation, Merion, PA.

 

 

see thumbnail to rightPaul Cézanne, Child with Straw Hat, 1896, oil on canvas, 31 7/8 x 25 5/8 inches (81 x 65 cm), Galerie Yoshii, Tokyo, Venturi no. 698.

 

 

Paul Cézanne, Joachim Gasquet, 1896, oil on canvas, 25 7/8 x 21 3/8 inches (65.5 x 54.5 cm), Narodni Galerie, Prague, Venturi no. 694.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftPaul Cézanne, Portrait of Henri Gasquet, c. 1896-1897, oil on canvas, 56.2 x 47 cm (22 1/8 x 18 1/2 inches), McNay Art Institute, San Antonio, TX.

 

 

Paul Cézanne, Boy with Skull (Jeune homme à la tête de mort), 1896-1898, oil on canvas, 51 1/4 x 38 1/4 inches (130.2 x 97.3 cm), Barnes Foundation, Merion, Pennsylvania.

 

 

Paul Cézanne, Portrait of Ambroise Vollard, 1899, oil on canvas, 39 1/2 x 32 inches (100.3 x 81.3 cm), Musee du Petit Palais, Paris, Venturi 696.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightPaul Cézanne, Young Italian Girl Resting on Her Elbow, c. 1900, oil on canvas, 36 1/4 x 28 3/4 inches (92 x 73 cm), Collection Dr. and Mrs. William Rosenthal, NY, Venturi 701.

 

 

Paul Cézanne, Woman Seated in Blue, 1900-1902, oil on canvas, 34 3/4 x 28 3/8 inches (88.5 x 72 cm), State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Venturi no. 705, or: 1902-1906, Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftPaul Cézanne, Portrait of Vallier, 1906 oil on canvas, 65 x 54 cm (25 5/8 x 21 1/4 inches), private collection, Venturi 718.

 

 

Paul Cézanne, The Drinker, oil on canvas, 18 x 14 3/4 inches (45.7 x 37.5 cm), Barnes Foundation, Merion, Pennsylvania.

 

 

Paul Cézanne, Man in a Room, oil on canvas, 31 1/2 x 22 1/2 inches (80 x 57.2 cm), Barnes Foundation, Merion, PA.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightFrédéric Bazille (French, 1841-1870), Portrait of Pierre-Auguste Renoir, 1867, oil on canvas, 37 x 32 1/3 inches (122 x 107 cm), Musée d'Orsay, Paris. See Impressionism.

 

 

Berthe Morisot (French, 1841-1895), Reading: The Mother and Sister Edma of the Artist (La lecture), 1869-1870, oil on canvas, 39 3/4 x 32 1/4 inches (101 x 81.8 cm), National Gallery of Art, Washington. This painting was retouched by Manet. See Impressionism.

 

 

Pierre-Auguste Renoir (French, 1841-1919), Romaine Lacaux, 1864, oil on canvas, Cleveland Museum of Art. See Impressionism.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftPierre-Auguste Renoir, Portrait of Claude Monet, 1875, oil on canvas, 33 1/2 x 23 3/4 inches (85 x 60.5 cm), Musée d'Orsay, Paris.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightPierre-Auguste Renoir, Portrait of the Actress Jeanne Samary, 1878, oil on canvas, 68 x 40 1/2 inches (174 x 101.5 cm), Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia. See Impressionism and theater.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftPierre-Auguste Renoir, Madame Georges Charpentier (Marguerite-Louise Lemonnier, 1848-1904) and Her Children, Georgette-Berthe (1872-1945) and Paul-Émile-Charles (1875-1895), 1878, oil on canvas, 60 1/2 x 74 7/8 inches (153.7 x 190.2 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY. (On the Met's page, you can enlarge any detail.)

 

 

Pierre-Auguste Renoir, The Luncheon of the Boating Party (Le déjeuner des canotiers), 1881, oil on canvas, 51 x 68 inches (129.5 x 172.7 cm), Phillips Memorial Gallery, Washington, DC.

 

 

Thomas Eakins (American, 1844-1916), The Gross Clinic, 1875, oil on canvas, 96 x 78 inches, Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA. See realism.

 

 

Mary Cassatt (American, 1844 or 45?-1926, active in France), Mother About to Wash Her Sleepy Child, 1880, oil on canvas, 39 3/8 x 25 7/8 inches (100 x 65.7 cm), Los Angeles County Museum of Art. See Impressionism.

 

 

Paul Gauguin (French, 1848-1903), M. Loulou, 1890, oil on canvas, 21 5/8 x 18 1/8 inches (55 x 46.2 cm), Barnes Foundation, Merion, PA. See Post-Impressionism.

 

 

Examples of portraits by artists who were born before and after those represented above:


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Also see self-portrait.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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