ArtLex Art Dictionary



oorientalism or Orientalism - Usually refers to western art whose subject or style is drawn from eastern influences.

Most often this work was produced during the nineteenth century.

The word "oriental" implies a Eurocentric point of view, as does "Orientalism."




Horace Vernet (French, 1789-1863)



see thumbnail to leftFerdinand-Victor-Eugène Delacroix (French, 1798-1863), Fanatics of Tangier, 1837-1838, oil on canvas, 38 1/2 x 51 1/2 inches, Minneapolis Institute of Arts. See Romanticism.




see thumbnail to rightAlexandre-Gabriel Decamps (French, 1803-1860), The Favorite of the Pasha (Interieur de serail Une odalisque), c. 1830, water and body-color with some gum varnish, on paper, 31.5 x 25.4cm, Wallace Collection, London.



see thumbnail to leftAlexandre-Gabriel Decamps (French, 1803-1860), The Night Patrol at Smyrna, oil on canvas, 29 1/4 x 36 3/8 inches (74.3 x 92.4 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.



see thumbnail to rightNarcisse Virgilie Diaz de la Pena (French, 1807-1876), Seraglio, Constantinople, 1865-1875, 26 1/4 x 33 inches, oil on panel, Minneapolis Institute of Arts.




see thumbnail to leftProsper Marilhat (French, 1811-1847), Palm Trees, 1830s, oil on canvas, relined, 33.3 x 22.2 cm, Wallace Collection, London.




see thumbnail to rightRichard Dadd (British, 1817-1886), A Turk, 1863, 6.3 x 6.3 cm, Tate Gallery, London. See art brut and horror vacui.



see thumbnail to leftJean-Léon Gérôme (French, 1824-1904), Prayer in the Mosque, oil on canvas, 35 x 29 1/2 inches (88.9 x 74.9 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY. This painting was made from sketches Gérôme made at the mosque of 'Amr during his travels in Egypt and the Near East in 1876. Still standing in the eastern part of old Cairo, this mosque dates from the seventh century A.D. See linear perspective.



Jean-Léon Gérôme, Cafe House, Cairo (Casting Bullets), probably 1870s, oil on canvas, 21 1/2 x 24 3/4 inches (54.6 x 62.9 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.


see thumbnail to rightJean-Léon Gérôme, The Carpet Merchant, about 1887, oil on canvas, 32 7/8 x 25 1/2 inches, Minneapolis Institute of Arts. This is a picture of the Court of the Rug Market in Cairo, which Gérôme visited in 1885.



see thumbnail to leftJames Abbott McNeill Whistler (American, 1834-1903), Sketch for Rose and Silver: La Princesse du Pays de la Porcelaine, 1863-64, oil on fiberboard, Worcester Art Museum, MA. This is a preparatory study for a portrait of Christine Spartali, whose father served as Greek consul-general in London while Whistler was there. Miss Spartali's Chinese costume, the porcelains, and the asymmetrical composition mark this as one of numerous paintings Whistler executed in the 1860s reflecting his interest in Chinese and Japanese arts.



Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema (English, 1836-1912), Death of the Pharoah's Firstborn Son, 1872, oil on canvas, 77 x 124.5 cm, Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, Netherlands. See Egyptian art and Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood.




Also see Buddhist art, chinoiserie, ethnic, Hindu art, Islamic art, isms and -ism, and xenophilia.



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