monochrome - A painting, drawing, or print in one color, including that color's tints and shades. "Monochromatic" is the adjectival form.
Monochromatic palettes for each of the primary and secondary colors:
Examples of monochromes:
Sokan (Japanese, 16th century), Mountain Landscape, Muromachi period, mid-16th century, hanging scroll, ink and color on paper, 32 3/4 x 15 3/8 inches (83.2 x 39.1 cm), Los Angeles County Museum of Art. See Japanese art and landscape.
James Duffield Harding (English, 1797 or 98 - 1863), Twickenham, 1839, drawing and watercolor on paper, 27.0 x 38.4 cm, Tate Gallery, London. See English art.
Claudio Bravo (Chilean, 1936-), Neptuno (Blue), 1998, lithograph, image: 30.7 x 23 inches, sheet: 38.2 x 29.5 inches, published by Marlborough Graphics, NY. This is one in a series of six lithographs, called "Demi Gods": Venus (Black), Vesta (Sanguine), Ceres (Sepia), Eros (Red), Neptuno (Blue), and Flora (Green). In the article about trompe l'peil, read a story from ancient Greece about a rivalry between two painters, one of whom is said to have produced a picture much like this one.
Mark Tansey (American, 1949-), Forward Retreat, 1986, oil on canvas, 94 x 116 inches, Broad Art Foundation. See history painting.
Also see camaïeu, grisaille, and moiré.