ArtLex Art Dictionary




MMexican art -

Making generalizations about the visual culture of any group of people is a crude endeavor, especially with a culture as diverse as Mexico's. With this thought in mind, know that this survey, as any must be, is tremendously limited in its breadth and depth.

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see thumbnail to rightMexico, Puebla State, Olmec peoples, "Baby" Figure, 12th-9th century BCE, ceramic, pigment, height 13 3/8 inches (34 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY. See Pre-Columbian art.






see thumbnail to leftOlmec culture (Mexico, Tabasco(?), Middle Preclassic period, about 900-300 BCE), Transformation Figure, serpentine with traces of cinnabar, height 4 1/4 inches (10.8 cm), Los Angeles County Museum of Art. This figure is apparently part man and part jaguar.





see thumbnail to rightMexico, Jalisco, El Arenal Brown style, Late Preclassic - Early Classic period, about 100 BCE - 300 CE, Standing Warrior (The "King"), ceramic with red slip, yellow, white, and black paint, 37 x 15 inches (94 x 38.1 cm), Los Angeles County Museum of Art. See Mesoamerican art and Pre-Columbian.




see thumbnail to leftMexico, Yucatan Peninsula, Maya peoples, El Castillo, pyramid at Chichen Itza, c. 9th century. See pyramid.



see thumbnail to rightJuan Baptiste Cuiris (Mexico, Michoacán, Pátzcuaro), Feather Picture of the Virgin Mary, c. 1550/80, hummingbird and parrot feathers on paper, wood; signed, 25.4 x 24.3 cm, Kunsthistoriches Museum, Vienna. See iridescence and luminosity.



José María Velasco (Mexican, 1840-1912), The Hacienda of Chimilpa, 1893, oil on canvas, 104 x 159 cm, Museo Nacional de Arte, Mexico City.





see thumbnail to leftJose Guadalupe Posada (Mexican, 1852-1913), Calavera depicting contemporary newspapers as skeleton cyclists, c. 1889-1895, broadside, engraving on type metal.



Jose Guadalupe Posada, Calavera of Don Quijote, no date, broadside, engraving on type metal.




see thumbnail to rightJose Guadalupe Posada, The calavera of the fashionable lady (La calavera catrina), 1913, broadside, relief etching on zinc.



Jose Guadalupe Posada (Mexican, 1852-1913), Happy dance and wild party of all the skeletons (Gran fandango y francachela de todas las calaveras), no date, broadside, engraving on type metal. See dance.



José Clemente Orozco (Mexican, 1883-1949), Three Generations, 1926, lithograph, image 27.3 x 37.3 cm; sheet 40.3 x 57.5 cm, Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, CA.




José Clemente Orozco, The Epic of American Civilization, Modern Migration of the Spirit (Panel 21), between 1932 and 1934, mural painting, reserve corridor of Baker Library, Hood Museum of Art, Dartmouth U. In its entirety, the mural covers approximately 3,200 square feet.
see thumbnail to leftOne of the twenty-four panels, or "scenes" of which the mural is composed. Its subject is the Americas from the migration of the Aztecs into central Mexico to the development of our modern industrialized society. More about the mural and preliminary drawings.





see thumbnail to rightDiego Rivera (Mexican, 1886-1957), Still Life with Bottle, 1914, drawing with pencil, papier-collé and gouache on paper, 35.5 x 19 cm, government of Veracruz, Mexico. Among the papers Rivera used is some wallpaper.



Diego Rivera, Revolt and The New Religion, 1929-1930, 13 feet 11 inches x 4 feet 5 inches and 14 feet 3 inches x 4 feet 3 inches, fresco, Cortes Palace, Cuernavaca, Mexico. See mural.






see thumbnail to leftDiego Rivera, Niño con Taco, 1932, lithograph, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.




see thumbnail to rightDavid Alfaro Siqueiros, La Colina de los Muertos, 1944, Duco on board, 37 1/4 x 27 inches (94.8 x 68.5 cm), Santa Barbara Museum of Art, CA.



Rufino Tamayo (Mexican, 1899-1991), Portrait of Rosalind Richards, 1948, oil, charcoal, and pastel on gessoed masonite, Hood Museum of Art, Dartmouth U.





see thumbnail to leftMiguel Covarrubias (Mexican, 1904-1957, worked in the USA), The Bone, oil on canvas, 75.3 X 59.6 cm. See caricature.



Frida Kahlo (Mexican, 1907-1954), Self-Portrait Between the Borderline of Mexico and the United States, 1932, oil on tin, 11 3/4 x 13 1/2 inches, collection of Mr. and Mrs. Manuel Reyero.



see thumbnail to rightFrida Kahlo, My Grandparents, My Parents, and I (Family Tree), 1936, oil and tempera on metal panel, 12 1/8 x 13 5/8 inches (30.7 x 34.5 cm), Museum of Modern Art, NY. See feminism and feminist art and self-portrait.



see thumbnail to leftFrida Kahlo, Self-Portrait Dedicated to Leon Trotsky, 1937, oil on board, 30 x 24 inches, National Museum of Women in the Arts, Washington, DC.




see thumbnail to rightFrida Kahlo, El suicido de Dorothy Hale (The Suicide of Dorothy Hale), 1939, oil on Masonite panel with painted frame, Phoenix Art Museum, AZ. The subject is Dorothy Hale, a society woman who became despondent and threw herself from the window of her New York apartment. Kahlo describes the horrible event in the inscription, which is written in Spanish. The English translation is: "In New York City on the 21st of October 1938, at 6:00 in the morning, Dorothy Hale committed suicide by throwing herself from a very high window in the Hampshire House. In her memory [...], this retablo was executed by Frida Kahlo." Part of the third line has been erased. Another part of the painting also was changed: an angel once appeared at the top. These erasures were made in response to the violent reaction from Clare Boothe Luce, who commissioned the work. See memorial and retablo.



see thumbnail to leftFrida Kahlo, Self-Portrait with Cropped Hair, 1940, oil on canvas, 15 3/4 x 11 inches (40 x 27.9 cm), Museum of Modern Art, NY.








see thumbnail to rightFrancisco Zúñiga (Mexican, 1912-1998, born Costa Rica), Woman standing with Her Hands on Her Face, bronze, 205.5 x 56 x 46 cm, Zúñiga Foundation Collection.




see thumbnail to leftGunther Gerzso (Mexican, 1915-), Dos Personajes, 1956, oil on canvas, 36 x 26 1/2 inches, Santa Barbara Museum of Art, CA.



see thumbnail to rightJesse Trevino (American, born Mexico, 1946-), Mis Hermanos, 1976, painting, National Museum of American Art, Washington, D.C. See Mexican art.



see thumbnail to leftJesse Trevino, Tienda de Elizondo, 1993, painting, National Museum of American Art, Washington, D.C.



Flor Garduño (Mexican, 1957-), Canasta de Luz, 1989, gelatin silver print, 9 x 6 3/4 inches.




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Also see architecture, Baroque, Chicano art / Chicana art, costume, design, drawing, ethnic, expression, folk art, furniture, genre, landscape, lithography, Madonna, Mesoamerican art, milagro, mural, museum, mythology, narrative art, portrait, Pre-Columbian art, retablo, santero, santos, seascape, self-portrait, social realism, Spanish art, still life, textile, and watercolor, among many other articles.




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