ArtLex Art Dictionary

 

 

 

EExamples of artworks by American Impressionist painters Mary Cassatt (1845-1926), Julian Alden Weir (American, 1852-1919), John Henry Twachtman (1853-1902), Childe Hassam (American, 1859-1935), Frank Benson (American, 1862-1951), Albert Henry Krehbiel (American, 1873-1945), Frederick Carl Frieseke (1874-1939), and others (several of whom were members of a group known as the Ten American Painters):

 

see thumbnail to leftMary Cassatt (American, 1844-1926, active in France), Portrait of a Woman, 1872, oil on canvas, 23 1/4 x 19 3/4 inches, Dayton Art Institute, OH.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightMary Cassatt, Portrait of the Artist, 1878, gouache on wove laid paper down to buff-colored wood pulp paper, 23 5/8 x 16 3/16 inches (60.1 x 41.2 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY. See feminism and feminist art.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftMary Cassatt, The Cup of Tea, c. 1879, oil on canvas, 36 3/8 x 25 3/4 inches (92.4 x 65.4 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightMary Cassatt, Mother About to Wash Her Sleepy Child, 1880, oil on canvas, 39 3/8 x 25 7/8 inches (100 x 65.7 cm), Los Angeles County Museum of Art.

 

 

Mary Cassatt, Helene is Restless, c. 1890, oil on canvas, 25 7/8 x 21 1/2 inches, Portland Art Museum, ME.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftMary Cassatt, The Letter, 1890-91, drypoint and aquatint on cream laid paper, Worcester Art Museum, MA.

 

 

Mary Cassatt, Agatha and Her Child, 1891, pastel on paper, 26 x 21 inches (66.04 x 53.34 cm), Butler Institute of American Art, Youngstown, OH. Also see the WebMuseum.

 

 

see thumbnail to rightMary Cassatt, Reine Lefebvre Holding a Nude Baby, 1902, oil on canvas, Worcester Art Museum, MA.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftWilliam Merritt Chase (American, 1849-1916), At the Seaside, c. 1892, oil on canvas, 20 x 34 inches (50.8 x 86.4 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY. See Ten American Painters.

 

 

William Merritt Chase, Near the Beach, Shinnecock, Long Island, c. 1895, oil on wood panel, 9 7/8 x 13 7/8 inches, Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, CA.

 

 

Julian Alden Weir (American, 1852-1919), Landscape, 1894, oil on canvas, New Britain Museum of Art, CT.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftJohn H. Twachtman (American, 1853-1902), The White Bridge, about 1895, oil on canvas, Minneapolis Institute of Arts. See Ten American Painters.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightJohn Singer Sargent (American, 1856-1925), Claude Monet Painting by the Edge of a Wood, c. 1885, oil on canvas, 54.0 x 64.8 cm, Tate Gallery, London. Although not usually considered an Impressionist, Sargent was enthusiastic about painting en plein air, as he did this portrait of his friend, Impressionist painter Claude Monet.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftJohn Singer Sargent, Carnation, Lily, Lily, Rose, 1885-6, oil on canvas, 174.0 x 153.7 cm, Tate Gallery, London. Sargent painted this picture out of doors during a very brief period each evening when the light was at the same level, just after sunset (a time and kind of light called crepuscular) -- a procedure explored by Impressionist painters, and by Claude Monet quite notably.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightJohn Singer Sargent, The Black Brook, c. 1908, oil on canvas, 55.2 x 69.8 cm, Tate Gallery, London.

 

 

F. Childe Hassam (American, 1859-1935), Le Jour de Grand Prix, 1888, oil on canvas, New Britain Museum of Art, CT. See Ten American Painters.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftF. Childe Hassam, Celia Thaxter's Garden, Isles of Shoals, Maine, 1890, oil on canvas, 17 3/4 x 21 1/2 inches (45.1 x 54.6 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.

 

 

see thumbnail to rightF. Childe Hassam, Nocturne, Railway Crossing, Chicago, 1893, watercolor on paper, 16 x 11 3/4 inches (40.6 x 29.8 cm), Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. Hassam layered subtly varied blue washes to evoke pavement, skyscrapers, streetcars, and horse-drawn carriages and added highlights to capture glowing lights and their reflections on the wet street. See nocturne.

 

see thumbnail to leftF. Childe Hassam, Isles of Shoals, 1899, oil on canvas, Minneapolis Institute of Arts.

 

 

see thumbnail to rightF. Childe Hassam, The Breakfast Room, Winter Morning, 1911, oil on canvas, Worcester Art Museum, MA.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftF. Childe Hassam, Surf, Isles of Shoals, 1913, oil on canvas, 28 1/4 x 35 1/4 inches (89.5 x 71. 8 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY. Hassam painted several pictures of the Isle of Shoals while visiting his friend Celia Thaxter on Appledore Island, Maine.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightF. Childe Hassam, Point Lobos, Carmel, 1914, oil on canvas, 28 5/16 x 36 3/16 inches (71.91 x 91.92 cm), Los Angeles County Museum of Art.

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftF. Childe Hassam, Avenue of the Allies: Brazil, Belgium, 1918, oil on canvas, 36 1/4 x 24 1/4 inches (92.1 x 61.6 cm), Los Angeles County Museum of Art. See flag.

 

 

Theodore Wendel (American, 1859-1932).

 

 

Arthur Frank Mathews (American, 1860-1945)

 

see thumbnail to rightFrank Weston Benson (American, 1862-1951), Portrait of My Daughters, 1907, oil on canvas, Worcester Art Museum, MA.

 

 

Frank Weston Benson, Red and Gold, 1915, oil on canvas, 51 x 59 inches (78.74 x 99.06 cm), Butler Institute of American Art, Akron, OH.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftEdmund C. Tarbell (American, 1862-1938), Three Sisters -- A Study in June Sunlight, 1890, oil on canvas, Milwaukee Art Museum, WI.

 

 

Albert Henry Krehbiel (American, 1873-1945). See a biography and selected works by Krehbiel.

 

see thumbnail to rightFrederick Carl Frieseke (American, 1874-1939, active in France from 1898), The Bridge, Giverny, 19th century - 20th century, oil on canvas, 25 5/8 x 32 inches, Minneapolis Institute of Arts.

 

 

Frederick Carl Frieseke, The Bird Cage, c. 1910, oil on canvas, New Britain Museum of Art, CT.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftFrederick Carl Frieseke, The Garden Parasol, 1910, oil on canvas, 57 x 76 5/8 inches (144.8 x 194.6 cm), North Carolina Art Museum, Raleigh.

 

 

Frederick Carl Frieseke, Good Morning (originally known as In the Doorway and The Neighbor), c. 1912 or 1913, oil on canvas, 32 x 26 inches (81.28 x 66.04 cm), Butler Institute of American Art, Youngstown, OH.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightFrederick Carl Frieseke, Hollyhocks, no date, oil on canvas, 25 1/2 x 32 inches, National Academy of Design, NY.

 

 

Edgar Alwin Payne (American, 1882-1947)

 

 

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