ArtLex Art Dictionary





ggallery - A room, building or institution where paintings and other artworks are exhibited; and often where they are also sold.

Literally, "place of the goys," gallery comes from Italian galleria, which comes from Medieval Latin galeria, apparently a variant of galilaea, the porch of a church (sometimes called in English a galilee porch). Galilaea — or Galilee — in turn comes from the Hebrew galil hagoyim: "district of the goys (unbelievers)."


Images of galleries in this first sense:






see thumbnail to leftLawrence Alma-Tadema (British, 1836-1912), A Sculpture Gallery, 1874, oil on canvas, Hood Museum of Art, Dartmouth College, NH.


see thumbnail to rightMaurits Cornelis Escher (Dutch, 1898-1972), Print Gallery, 1956, lithograph, image 31.9 x 31.7 cm, sheet 41.2 x 40.4 cm, Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, CA. See optical illusion.


Gallery sometimes refers to a hallway or a covered walkway which has a wall on one side and windows, columns or a balustrade on the other; a loggia. Often a gallery in this sense is the second story of an ambulatory or aisle. Galleries are often confused with porticos, and some can be described as being both.



Related Links:


Also see art careers, Art Dealers Association of America, belvedere, commission, commodification, Kunstkabinette, Kunstkammer, museum, new media, Photo-Secession, preparator, price, theater, vitrine, Wunderkabinette, and Wunderkammer.




ArtLex Art Dictionary
Copyright © 1996-current year