ArtLex Art Dictionary



ffashion - The prevailing style or custom. Most often refers to clothing (costume), but may refer to any cultural trend. Manner or mode. Also, to give shape or form to; to make. Fashion design refers specifically to designing clothing, and its associated accessories.





see thumbnail to leftFrench, A Yellow Dress, c. 1780, fashion illustration, hand-colored engraving. This picture presents a design that is representative of the fine dresses of this period in France — the reign of Louis XVI, about ten years before the French Revolution. See costume.




see thumbnail to rightAmerican, Hoop, c. 1865, half circles of reeds or whalebone riveted to bands of heavy linen tape. It is fastened at the waist with a steel buckle. This is an example of a cage-hoop used underneath a skirt to provide a fashionable fullness at the back of a woman's dress. An important effect of the hoop was the graceful, swinging motion it gave to a woman's skirt as she walked. Rendered by Mae Szilvasy, Hoop, 1935/1942, watercolor and graphite on paperboard, 38.8 x 31 cm (15 1/4 x 12 3/16 inches), Index of American Design, National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC. See Index of American Design.




see thumbnail to leftCristobal Balenciaga (Spanish, 1895-1972), Evening Gown, 1950, black silk crepe with Honan draping and panniers, Phoenix Art Museum, AZ.





see thumbnail to rightCharles James (American, 1906-1978), "Petal" Ballgown, 1951, black velvet and silk satin, ivory silk faille, Phoenix Art Museum, AZ.




see thumbnail to leftBetty Brader (American, 1923-1986), Quite a Catch, c. 1968, a fashion illustration for a poster advertising Joseph Magnin stores in the San Francisco area.





see thumbnail to rightGiorgio Armani (Italian, 1934-), Giorgio Armani Fashion Show, a model who wears one of the designer's latest ensembles, walks the runway as spectators look on. This presentation of Armani's "new line" took place in Washingon, DC, May 16, 2002.





see thumbnail to leftBob Mackie (American, 1940-), Evening Dress, c. 1989, silk chiffon, glass beads, sequins, Phoenix Art Museum, AZ.




see thumbnail to rightAmerican, Stylishly Drawn, Contemporary Fashion Illustration, 2000, a fashion illustration used for the dust jacket for a book by Laird Borelli, presenting "210 color illustrations by the new generation of illustrators."





see thumbnail to leftJohn Galliano (British, born Gibraltar, 1960-) for Christian Dior, Saddle Bag, 2000, denim, leather, metal, Phoenix Art Museum, AZ.




see thumbnail to rightAmerican, Swimwear Designs for Summer of 2003, a presentation board by a fashion design student, markers, photographs, and computer-generated text. This illustration shows each of several designs in four colorways.


See more examples of fashionable clothing in ArtLex's article on costume.




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Also see art careers, costume, couture, new, technology, and textile.






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