ArtLex Art Dictionary

 

 

TThe Eight- A group of American painters who united to oppose various traditions upheld by the National Academy. They exhibited together only once — in 1908, but the effect of their gesture was to strengthen the advance of modernism in the United States. The Eight included five painters associated with the Ashcan school: Robert Henri (1865-1929), George Luks (1867-1933), William Glackens (1870-1938), John Sloan (1871-1951), and Everett Shinn (1876-1953), along with Maurice Prendergast (1859-1924), Ernest Lawson (1873-1939), and Arthur Bowen Davies (1862-1928).


Examples of works by members of the Eight:

 

 

see thumbnail to rightMaurice Brazil Prendergast (American, born Newfoundland, 1859-1924), After the Review, 1895, color monotype, image: 25.3 x 20.1 cm; sheet: 36.8 x 28 cm, Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, CA.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftMaurice Brazil Prendergast, Large Boston Public Garden Sketchbook: The Huntington Avenue Streetcar, 1895-1897, watercolor over pencil, 14 1/8 x 11 1/8 inches (35.8 x 28.4 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.

 

 

Maurice Brazil Prendergast, Rhododendrons, Boston Public Gardens, 1899, watercolor and graphite on paper, 14 1/16 x 20 3/4 inches, Portland Art Museum, ME.

 

see thumbnail to rightMaurice Brazil Prendergast, Low Tide, Beachmont, c. 1902-4, watercolor over graphite and coal on off-white wove paper, Worcester Art Museum, MA.

 

see thumbnail to leftMaurice Brazil Prendergast, The Holiday, 1907-1909, oil on canvas, 27 x 34 3/8 inches (68.6 x 87.3 cm), Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, CA.

 

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightMaurice Brazil Prendergast, Boat Landing at Dinard, also called Quay at Dinard or Processional, c. 1909, watercolor and graphite on tan laid paper, sheet: 31.7 x 45.6 cm, Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, CA.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftMaurice Brazil Prendergast, Crepuscule, c. 1912, oil on canvas, 20 1/2 x 28 inches, private collection. This is one of several paintings Prendergast exhibited in the influential Armory Show of 1913.

 

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightMaurice Brazil Prendergast, Rocky Coast Scene, 1912-1913, oil on canvas mounted on panel, 13 3/4 x 19 1/2 inches (34.9 x 49.5 cm), Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, CA.

 

see thumbnail to leftMaurice Prendergast, Holidays, 20th century, oil on canvas, 34 x 47 inches, Minneapolis Institute of Arts.

 

 

Arthur Bowen Davies (American, 1862-1928), Arethusa, 1901, oil on canvas, 27 1/2 x 22 1/2 inches (69.85 x 57.15 cm), Butler Institute of American Art, Youngstown, OH. See nude.

 

see thumbnail to rightArthur Bowen Davies, Pacific Parnassus, Mount Tamalpais, 1905, oil on canvas, 26 1/4 x 40 1/4 inches (66.7 x 102.2 cm), Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, CA.

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftRobert Henri (born Robert Henry Cozad) (American, 1865-1929), The Masquerade Dress, 1911, oil on canvas, 76 1/2 x 36 1/4 inches (194.2 x 92 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightGeorge Benjamin Luks (American, 1866-1933), In the Steerage, 1900, oil on canvas, 30 5/8 x 19 1/4 inches (77.8 x 48.9 cm), North Carolina Art Museum, Raleigh.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftGeorge Luks (American, 1866/67 - 1933), Innocence, c. 1916, oil on canvas, 30 x 25 (76.2 x 63.5 cm) inches, Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, CA.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightWilliam Glackens (American, 1870-1938), Rocks and Lighthouse, c. 1908, oil on canvas, 25 x 30 inches (63.5 x 76.1 cm), Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, CA. See seascape.

 

 

William James Glackens, Washington Square, 1910, oil on canvas, New Britain Museum of Art, CT.

 

 

see thumbnail to rightJohn Sloan (American, 1871-1951), Fifth Avenue Critics, 1905, etching, image 12.7 x 17.6 cm, Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, CA.

 

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftJohn Sloan, Turning Out the Light, 1905, etching, image 12.5 x 17.5 cm, Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, CA.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightJohn Sloan, Night Windows, 1910, etching, 5 1/4 x 7 inches. This was exhibited in the Armory Show of 1913.

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftJohn Sloan, "Tee Hee" Boys: Born with a Vote and a Partial Sense of the Ridiculous, 1912, ink and crayon, published in Collier's, May 18, 1912, as "Aw, Susie, be them dishes washed?" Library of Congress, Washington, DC. This crowd watches and jeers as a parade of suffragettes parade past. Suffragettes were women who campaigned for the right to vote.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightJohn Sloan, Self-Portrait, Working, 1916, oil, Windsor & Newton Copal Varnish, wax finish on canvas, Hood Museum, Dartmout Collebe, VT. See self-portrait .

 

 

see thumbnail to leftJohn Sloan, Hell Hole (Saloon Interior), 1917, etching and aquatint, image 19.9 x 25.1 cm, Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, CA.

 

 

John Sloan, Nude, Pink Striped Coverlet, 1927, 13 1/2 x 15 inches, oil on canvas, Butler Institute of American Art, Youngstown, OH.

 

 

see thumbnail to rightErnest Lawson (American, born Nova Scotia, 1873-1939), Harlem River at High Bridge, c. 1915, oil on canvas, 25 1/4 x 30 (64.1 x 76.2 cm) inches, Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, CA.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftErnest Lawson, Segovia, c. 1916, oil on canvas, 33 x 37 inches, Minneapolis Institute of Arts.

 

 

Ernest Lawson, Spring Tapestry, c.1930, oil on canvas, New Britain Museum of Art, CT.

 

Everett Shinn (American, 1876-1953), Dancer in White Before the Flootlights, 1910, oil on canvas, 35 x 39 inches, Butler Institute of American Art, Youngstown, OH.

 

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightEverett Shinn, Outdoor Theatre, c. 1910, oil on canvas, 24 3/4 x 21 1/2 inches (62.9 x 54.6 cm), Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, CA. See theater.

 

 

 

 

 

 


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