eengraving - A method of cutting or incising a design into a material, usually metal, with a sharp tool called a graver. One of the intaglio methods of making prints, in engraving, a print can be made by inking such an incised (engraved) surface. It may also refer to a print produced in this way. Most contemporary engraving is done in the production of currency, certificates, etc.


Examples of engravings:


see thumbnail to leftItaly, XV century, after Andrea Mantegna (Italian, 1430-1506), Bacchanal with a Wine Vat, c. 1490, engraving, 11 3/4 x 17 1/4 inches (29.8 x 43.8 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.



Antonio Pollaiuolo (Italian, 1431/2-1498), Nude Warriors in Combat (Battle of the Nudes), c. 1470-1475, engraving, 0.40 x 0.60 m, Louvre. See Gothic.



see thumbnail to rightMartin Schongauer (German, c. 1445-1491), Christ Carrying the Cross, c. 1475-80, engraving, 11 3/8 x 16 7/8 inches (28.9 x 42.9 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.



Albrecht Dürer (German, 1471-1528), The Walk, c. 1496-1498, 195 x 120 cm, engraving, Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia.






see thumbnail to leftAlbrecht Dürer, Adam and Eve, 1504, engraving, 9 3/4 x 7 1/2 inches (24.8 x 19.1 cm), Los Angeles County Museum of Art.



see thumbnail to rightMarcantonio Raimondi, after Raphael, The Judgment of Paris, c. 1517-20, engraving, 11 5/8 x 17 1/4 inches (29.5 x 43.8 cm) clipped impression, plate line, Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.



Claude Mellan (French, 1598-1688)





see thumbnail to leftRobert Nanteuil (French, 1623-1678), Le Maréchal de Castelnau, 1658, engraving, feigned oval, U of Michigan Museum of Art, Ann Arbor, MI. Nanteuil was the official engraver of portraits for King Louis XIV. The excellence of his engravings' craftsmanship has never been surpassed.





see thumbnail to rightRobert Nanteuil, Saint-Brisson (Pierre Séguier, Marquis de), 1659, engraving, U of Michigan Museum of Art, Ann Arbor, MI.



Robert Nanteuil, Louis Phélipeaux de Lavrilliére, 1662, plate 26.2 x 33 cm, picture 25.8 x 32.5 cm, sheet 27.2 x 35.4 cm, Finnish National Gallery, Helsinki.



Robert Nanteuil, Portrait of Louis XIV, 17th century, engraving, 49.7 x 42.6 cm (image) inches, Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, CA. see thumbnail to rightDetail of an eye.



Antoine Masson (French, 1636-1700)



Maria Sibylla Merian, (German, 1647-1717), Plate 1 from Dissertation in Insect Generations and Metamorphosis in Surinam, second edition, 1719, hand-colored engraving on paper, 12 3/4 x 9 3/4 inches, National Museum of Women in the Arts, Washington, DC.



Pierre Drevet (engraver) (French, 1663-1738)



William Hogarth (1697-1764), after his paintings, and engraved by others, "Marriage a la Mode," 1745, engravings on paper, each with a width of 47 cm:


Plate I. The impoverished Lord Squanderfield has arranged a marriage between his son and the daughter of a wealthy alderman and merchant. Lord Squanderfield points to his family tree to emphasize his noble lineage. On the opposite side of the room his son sits taking snuff and looking with vanity into an adjacent mirror.


Plate II. The young nobleman comes home from a night of revelry at 1:20 am and ignores his wife who has been holding a card party. The steward walks out in disgust.


Plate III. The nobleman is in the house of Dr. Misaubin, 96 St. Martin's Lane. He threatens the quack with his cane for having prescribed pills which proved ineffective in curing a girl he has debauched.


Plate IV. The wife is in her boudoir talking with counsellor Silvertongue. She is now a countess and a mother but she is neglecting her child. A barber dresses her hair and a singer entertains. Symbols of extravagance are strewn all around. This is the second state of the plate. See satire.



William Blake (English, 1757-1827), And my Servant Job shall pray for you, 1825, engraving, image size: 213 x 168 mm, (94 k image,) Spencer Museum of Art, KS. Click here for a 60 k image.



William Blake, There were not found Women fair as the Daughters of Job, 1825, engraving, image size: 212 x 165 mm, (157 k image,) Spencer Museum of Art, KS. Click here for a 79 k image.


see thumbnail to leftGermany, Prussia, 5 Talers [denomination], treasury-bill, 1856, engraving, Münzkabinett, Berlin. See numismatics.



Emile Gallé (French, 1846-1904), Dragonfly Coupe, La Libellule, layered, inlaid, blown, and trailed glass, internal metal-foil decoration, cut, engraved, height 18.3 cm, Corning Museum of Glass, NY.




see thumbnail to rightPieter Dupont (Dutch, 1870-1911), Steinlen, 1901, engraving. Dupont contributed to a brief European revival of engraving. This is a portrait of the graphic artist, Théophile Alexandre Steinlen (Swiss, 1859-1932).


front and back of a one dollar bill


see thumbnail to leftUnited States of America, One Dollar Federal Reserve Note, 1988, recto and verso, engraving on paper (a cotton and linen blend, with red and blue minute silk fibers running through it), 2 5/8 x 6 inches. This design is similar to all one dollar bills produced from 1957-present. See articles about symbolism on the one dollar Federal Reserve Note, recto, and verso.



The term 'engraving' is too often confused with that of etching.

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Also see bookplate, burin, drypoint, edition, exonumia, gravure, impression, moiré, ox gall, paper, philately, photogravure, and plaque.






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