ArtLex Art Dictionary

 

 

English art - [Expect an in-depth article to appear here soon.]flag of the United Kingdom, also called the Union Jack

England is one of the three kingdoms of the United Kingdom.

Making generalizations about the visual culture of any group of people is a crude endeavor, especially with a culture as diverse as England's. With this thought in mind, know that this survey, as any must be, is tremendously limited in its breadth and depth.

 

 

Examples:

 

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftEngland, Salisbury Plain, Stonehenge, 2750-1500 BCE, a Neolithic monumental stone temple / observatory. See dolmen, megalith, menhir, monolith, and Stone Age.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightEngland, Chasuble: Opus Anglicanum, 1330-50, silk and metal thread on velvet, pearls, width 30 inches (76.2 cm), length 5 1/2 inches (14 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY. See costume.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftEngland, Royal Workshops, Greenwich, Armor for Field and Tournament, 1527, steel, etched and gilded overall, height 73 inches (185.5 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.

 

 

see thumbnail to rightEngland, Royal Workshops, Greenwich, Armor of George Clifford, Third Earl of Cumberland, c. 1580-85, steel, etched, blued, and gilded, height 69 1/2 inches (176.5 cm), weight 60 lb. (27.2 kg), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftEngland, Needlework Framed Picture, third quarter of the 17th century, silk on canvas, 13 x 20 1/2 inches (33 x 52.1 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY. See textile.

 

 

William Hogarth (English, 1697-1764), Miss Mary Edwards (1705-43), 1742, oil on canvas, 49 3/4 x 39 7/8 inches (126.4 x 101.3 cm), Frick Collection, NY.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightSir Joshua Reynolds (English, 1723-1792), General John Burgoyne, c. 1766, oil on canvas, 50 x 39 7/8 inches (127 x 101.3 cm), Frick Collection, NY.

 

 

Robert Jones (London, England), Hunting and Fishing Scenes, length, 1769, linen and cotton, width 39 x 81 1/8 inches (99.1 x 206.1 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftThomas Gainsborough (English, 1727-1788), The Hon. Frances Duncombe, c. 1777, oil on canvas, 92 1/4 x 61 1/8 inches (234.3 x 155.2 cm), Frick Collection, NY.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightThomas Gainsborough, The Mall in St. James's Park, c. 1783, oil on canvas, 47 1/2 x 57 7/8 inches (120.6 x 147 cm), Frick Collection, NY.

 

 

John Deare (English, 1759-98, active in Italy), Judgment of Jupiter, 1786-87, marble relief, 58 1/4 x 117 1/4 inches (148 x 297.8 cm), Los Angeles County Museum of Art. See Neoclassicism.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftJoseph Mallord William Turner (English, 1775-1851), Cologne: The Arrival of a Packet-Boat: Evening, 1826, oil and possibly watercolor on canvas, 66 3/8 x 88 1/4 inches (168.6 x 224.1 cm), Frick Collection, NY.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightJoseph Mallord William Turner, The Harbor of Dieppe, 1826?, oil on canvas, 68 3/8 x 88 3/4 inches (173.7 x 225.4 cm), Frick Collection, NY.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftJoseph Mallord William Turner, The Grand Canal, Venice, c. 1835, oil on canvas, 36 x 48 1/8 inches (91.4 x 122.2 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY. (On the Met's page, you can enlarge any detail.)

 

 

see thumbnail to rightJoseph Mallord William Turner, The Lake of Zug, 1843, watercolor with gouache and colored chalks, over traces of graphite; extensive scraping with penknife, 11 3/4 x 18 3/8 inches (29.8 x 46.6 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftEngland, Quilt, 19th century (1820s?), cotton, 8 feet 8 3/4 x 89 3/4 inches (266.1 x 228 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightJohn Constable (English, 1776-1837), Salisbury Cathedral from the Bishop's Grounds, c. 1825, oil on canvas, 34 5/8 x 44 inches (87.9 x 111.8 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY. (On the Met's page, you can enlarge any detail.) See Romanticism.

 

 

William Henry Fox Talbot (British, 1800-1877), Articles of Glass, 1843, salted paper print from calotype negative, Cleveland Museum of Art.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftDavid Octavius Hill (British, 1802-1870) and Robert Adamson (British, 1821-1848), Newhaven Fishwives, c. 1845, depicted: Newhaven, Scotland, salted paper print from paper negative, 29.5 x 21.7 cm (11 5/8 x 8 9/16 inches), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.

 

 

Decimus Burton and Richard Turner (English), architects, Palm House at Kew Gardens, London, England, 1844-48, a greenhouse of glass and iron for the Royal Botanic Gardens, length 363 feet, width 100 feet, height 66 feet.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftJulia Margaret Cameron (English, born India, 1815-1879), Zoe, Maid of Athens, 1866?, albumen silver print from glass negative, 30.1 x 24.5 cm (11 7/8 x 9 5/8 inches), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightJulia Margaret Cameron, Sir John Herschel, 1867, print by A.L. Coburn, c. 1915, from copy negative of original print platinum print, tinted stock, mechanically varnished, 25.7 x 19.4 cm, George Eastman House, Rochester, NY.

 

 

Roger Fenton (English, 1819-1869), A Quiet Day In The Mortar Battery, 1855 / print 1856, salted paper print, 23.8 x 34.5 cm, George Eastman House, Rochester, NY.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftWilliam Holman Hunt (English, 1827-1910), Our English Coasts, 1852 ('Strayed Sheep'), 1852, oil on canvas, 43.2 x 58.4 cm, Tate Gallery, London. See Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightWilliam Holman Hunt, The Awakening Conscience, 1853, oil on canvas, 76.2 x 55.9 cm, Tate Gallery, London.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftDante Gabriel Rossetti (English, 1828-1882), Lady Lilith, 1867, watercolor, bodycolor and gum, 20 3/16 x 17 5/16 inches, Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY. See Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood.

 

 

see thumbnail to rightSir John Everett Millais Bt.,P.R.A. (English, 1829-1896), Christ in the House of His Parents or The Carpenter's Shop, 1849-50, oil on canvas, 86.4 x 139.7 cm, Tate Gallery, London. See Millais' Study for `Christ in the House of His Parents', c. 1849, pencil on paper, 19.0 x 33.7 cm, Tate Gallery, London. See Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftSir John Everett Millais, Ophelia, 1851-2, oil on canvas, 76.2 x 111.8 cm, Tate Gallery, London.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightFrederick Lord Leighton (Sir Frederick Leighton) (English, 1830-1896), Lieder ohne Worte, 1861, oil on canvas, 101.6 x 62.9 cm, Tate Gallery, London.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftFrederick Lord Leighton, The Bath of Psyche, 1890, oil on canvas, 189.2 x 62.2 cm, Tate Gallery, London.

 

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightEadweard Muybridge (American, born England, 1830-1904), Animal Locomotion Plate 59: Running Man, c. 1887, Minneapolis Institute of Arts, photographs taken by a series of cameras. Muybridge printed these as sheets of sequenced exposures, although they are displayed here as if projected like a movie — a technological development Muybridge is considered to have pioneered. See Eadweard Muybridge photos reproduced at the "Masters of Photography" site.

 

 

Rev. Charles Lutwidge Dodgson, aka Lewis Carroll (English mathematician and writer [author of Alice In Wonderland ], as well as photographer, 1832-1898), see thumbnail to leftdetail of Edith, Lorina and Alice (the Liddell sisters), 1859, the little girl who was the model for the fantasy Alice. A site posting many of his photos.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightWilliam Morris and Co. (England, Surrey, Merton Abbey), The Adoration of the Magi Tapestry, late 19th century, wool, handwoven, 255 x 379 cm, Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia. In the 1880s William Morris attempted to revive tapestry weaving, along with fine hand-printing of books, furniture making, and other crafts. Morris founded the Arts and Crafts Movement.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftWilliam Morris (English, 1834-1896), Pink and Rose Wallpaper Design, c. 1890, hand-block-printed wallpaper, 22 x 28 inches (55.9 x 71.1 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightDesigned by William Morris, made / manufactured by Morris and Company, Merton Abbey, England, Length of Printed Cotton, 19th-20th century, cotton, 8 feet 7 1/2 x 38 1/4 inches (262.9 x 97.2 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY. See textile.

 

 

Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema (English, 1836-1912). See Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftWalter Richard Sickert (English, 1860-1942), Ennui, c. 1914, oil on canvas, 152.4 x 112.4 cm, Tate Gallery, London. See ennui and expression.

 

 

see thumbnail to rightBen Nicholson (English, 1894-1982), Sirius March, 1964, oil on canvas, 109.5 x 221 cm, Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art, Iran.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftHenry Moore (English, 1898-1986), sculpture, bronze, Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Canada. See negative space.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightDame Barbara Hepworth (English, 1903-1975), Two Figures (Menhirs), 1964, slate, 82.5 x 63.8 x 32.0 cm, Tate Gallery, London. See feminism and feminist art, menhir, and negative space.

 

 

Anthony Caro (English, 1924-), Potpourri, 1976-77, welded steel, rusted and varnished, 57 x 102 x 134 inches, Grounds For Sculpture, NJ.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftAnthony Caro, Odalisque, 1984, steel, 77 x 96 x 60 1/2 inches (195.6 x 243.8 x 153.7 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY. See odalisque.

 

 

see thumbnail to rightRachel Whiteread (English, 1963-) Untitled (Yellow Bath), 1996, rubber and polystyrene, Carnegie Museum of Art, Pittsburgh, PA. See feminism and feminist art.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftRachel Whiteread, Untitled (Paperbacks), 1997, plaster and steel, room installation, dimensions variable, Museum of Modern Art, NY.

 

 

 

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Also see architecture, arms & armor, art for art's sake, Arts and Crafts Movement, Australian art, Canadian art, chinoiserie, costume, Dada, Danish art, design, drawing, Dutch art, engraving, etching, expressionism, Expressionism, flags of Europe, Fluxus, folk art, French art, furniture, genre, German art, Gothic, history painting, illumination, jewelry, landscape, lithography, Madonna, marble, Middle Ages, monument, museum, mythology, narrative art, nude, orientalism, pastel, philately, photography, porcelain, portrait, Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, poster, Romanticism, sculpture, seascape, self-portrait, stained glass, still life, Surrealism, tapestry, textile, watercolor, and woodcut, among many other articles.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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