ArtLex Art Dictionary

 

 

 

eembroider, embroidery - To embroider is to ornament with needlework — making and arranging stitches of variously colored threads — or to make by means of needlework. Embroidery is the act or art of embroidering. Or, it is ornamention of fabric with needlework, a piece of embroidered fabric, or embellishment with fanciful details. Fabric to be embroidered can be more easily worked if it is stretched within an embroidery hoop. Most embroidery needles are curved.

 

Examples of embroidery:

 

 

see thumbnail to rightPeru, Paracas, Burial Mantle, 300 BCE - 300 CE, camelid fiber; plain weave with stemstitch and loop stitch embroidery, 98 1/4 x 57 1/4 inches (249.56 x 145.42 cm), Los Angeles County Museum of Art. See costume, Mesoamerican art and Pre-Columbian.

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to left Mongolia, burial mound at Noin-ula, Embroidery with a Benedictory Motif, 1st century BCE, silk, 39.5 x 35.7 cm, Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia.

 

 

South America, Central Andes, Central Coast, Chancay, Openwork Headcloth, Late Intermediate Period, 1000-1470 CE, cotton, embroidered square mesh openwork, 32 x 32 inches (81 x 81 cm), Michael C. Carlos Museum, Emery U, Atlanta, GA. See Pre-Columbian art.

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightChina, Yuan dynasty, Bodhisattva of Wisdom (Manjusri), 13th-14th century, silk embroidered with silk and gold-wrapped threads, 17 3/8 x 7 5/8 inches, Indianapolis Museum of art, IN. See Bodhisattva.

see thumbnail belowA detail of this wall hanging.

 

 

Netherlands, 1570, Dalmatic, polychrome wool and silk, interlocking tapestry weave, with embroidery accentuating details of the design, 43 1/4 x 45 1/2 inches (109.8 x 115.6 cm), Los Angeles County Museum of Art. See Dutch art and tapestry.

 

 

see thumbnail to rightItaly or Spain, Altar Frontal, c. 1600, embroidered in silk and metallic gold threads on a red silk velvet ground, with semiprecious stones, 45 x 110 inches (114.3 x 279.4 cm), Los Angeles County Museum of Art. This was made to decorate the front of the altar in the church of Valletta, dedicated to John the Baptist on the Island of Malta. It is dominated by three large medallions with scenes from the saint's life. See gem.

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftEngland, Man's Gauntlets, 1610-20, leather with gold and silk thread embroidery, and gift lace on silk satin, 1. 14 inches (35.6 cm), Los Angeles County Museum of Art.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightEnglish, Beaded Picture, 1650-70, linen, glass beads, 10 3/4 x 13 1/2 inches (27.3 x 34.3 cm), Cincinnati Art Museum, OH. See folk art.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftJapan, Noh robe (Nuihaku), Edo period (1615-1868), second half of the 18th century, silk embroidery and gold leaf on satin, height 61 1/4 inches (155.6 cm), width at sleeves 21 1/8 inches (53.7 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY. See Japanese art.

 

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightPatty Coggeshall (American, 1780-1797, Bristol, RI), Embroidered Sampler, c. 1792, linen embroidered with silk thread, 19 1/2 x 16 5/8 inches (49.5 x 42.2 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY. See sampler.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftRebekah S. Munro (American, 1780-1803, Providence, RI), Embroidered Sampler, c. 1791, linen embroidered with silk thread, 15 3/4 x 11 3/4 inches (40.01 x 29.85 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY. See sampler.

 

see thumbnail to rightMary Jones (Pennsylvania), Dresden-Work Sampler, 1795, silk and cotton embroidery on linen, 15 1/4 x 13 1/4 inches (38.7 x 33.7 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY. See sampler.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftMary Jones (Pennsylvania), Dresden-Work Sampler, 1795, silk and cotton embroidery on linen, 15 1/4 x 13 1/4 inches (38.7 x 33.7 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY. See sampler.

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightKorea, Rank Badge (Hyungbae) of Civil Official with Two Cranes, end of the Choson period, about 1800-1910, silk embroidery and couched metallic foil-wrapped thread on silk damask, 9 1/2 x 8 1/2 inches (24.13 x 21.59 cm), Los Angeles County Museum of Art.

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftErté (Romain de Tirtoff) (Russian, 1892-1990)
Costume Kimono for Ganna Walska as Cio-Cio-San in 'Madama Butterfly', Act I, 1923, a) obi: silk, metallic thread embroidery; b) kimono: painted silk; c) inner kimono: silk, a) obi: length 39 inches (99.06 cm); b) kimono: center back length 72 inches (182.88 cm); c) inner kimono: center back length 51 1/2 inches (130.81 cm), Los Angeles County Museum of Art.

 

 

see thumbnail to rightAmerican, Artisan Embroidery Company, San Carlos, CA, GSJ, 1994, monogram of initial letters and leaves embroidered on a pink cotton towel. This work earned its maker a first place award in Stitches Magazine's annual Stitch-Off Competition of 1994.

 

 

Related Links:

 

 

Also see craft, openwork, and textile.

 

 

 


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