ArtLex Art Dictionary

 

 

DDie Brucke or Die Brücke or The Bridge - A group of German Expressionist artists based in Dresden and Berlin between 1905 and 1913, mostly painters, they depicted landscapes, nudes, and carnival performers in strong colors and broad forms. They also revived the German woodcut tradition, but as a form of personal expression. Die Brücke is German for "The Bridge," and was not intended to be a style, but as a bridge toward a better future. They lived and worked as a community, in emulation of the guilds of the Middle Ages. Die Brücke was founded by four architecture students: Fritz Bleyl (1880-1966), Ernst Kirchner (1880-1938), Erich Heckel (1883-1970), and Karl Schmidt-Rottluff (1884-1976); other members included Emil Nolde (1867-1956) and Kies van Dongen.

Examples:

 

see thumbnail to rightEmil Nolde (German, 1867-1956), E.N. (Selbstporträt) (E. N. (Self-Portrait)), 1908, etching with tonal effects on iron, image 30.8 x 23.5 cm, printer, Otto Felsing, Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, CA. See self-portrait.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftEmil Nolde, Christ Among the Children (Christus und die Kinder), 1910, oil on canvas, 34 1/8 x 41 7/8 inches (86.8 x 106.4 cm), Museum of Modern Art, NY.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightEmil Nolde (German, 1867-1956), Prophet, 1912, woodcut, edition of 20-30, 12 5/8 x 8 3/4 inches (32.1 x 22.2 cm), Museum of Modern Art, NY.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftEmil Nolde, Flowers (Blaue und Lila Blumen), c. 1915?, oil on burlap, 26 1/4 x 33 1/4 inches (66.6 x 84.5 cm), Museum of Modern Art, NY.

 

 

see thumbnail to rightEmil Nolde, Russian Peasants (Zwei Russen), 1915, oil on canvas, 29 x 35 1/2 inches (73.4 x 90 cm), Museum of Modern Art, NY.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftOtto Mueller (German, 1874-1930), Bathers (Landschaft mit gelben Akten), c. 1919, oil on burlap, 27 5/8 x 35 3/4 inches (70.2 x 90.8 cm), Museum of Modern Art, NY.

 

 

see thumbnail to rightErnst Ludwig Kirchner (German, 1880-1938), Street, Dresden, 1908 (dated 1907), oil on canvas, 59 1/4 inches x 6 feet 6 7/8 inches (150.5 x 200.4 cm), Museum of Modern Art, NY.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftErnst Ludwig Kirchner, Bathers at Moritzburgm, 1909 / 26, oil on canvas, 151.1 x 199.7 cm, Tate Gallery, London.

 

see thumbnail to rightErnst Ludwig Kirchner, Seated Woman, 1910-1920, oil on canvas, 35 7/8 x 31 3/4 inches, Minneapolis Institute of Arts.

 

 

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftErnst Ludwig Kirchner, Two Women, 1911/22, oil on canvas, 59 x 47 inches (149.9 x 119.4 cm), Los Angeles County Museum of Art.

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightErnst Ludwig Kirchner, The Belle-Alliance-Platz in Berlin, 1914, oil on canvas, 200 x 150 cm, Neue Nationalgalerie, Berlin.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftErich Heckel (German, 1883-1970), Fränzi Reclining, 1910, woodcut, complete: 8 15/16 x 16 9/16 inches (22.6 x 42.1 cm) (irregular), Museum of Modern Art, NY.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightErich Heckel (German, 1883-1970), Standing Child, 1910, color woodcut, 14 7/8 x 10 7/8 inches (37.7 x 27.6 cm), Los Angeles County Museum of Art.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftErich Heckel, Bildnis E.H. (Self-Portrait), 1917, woodcut, image 36.4 x 29.5 cm; sheet 61.6 x 50.7 cm, Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, CA. See self-portrait.

 

 

see thumbnail to rightKarl Schmidt-Rottluff (German, 1884-1976), Houses at Night, 1912, oil on canvas, 37 5/8 x 34 1/2 inches (95.6 x 87.4 cm), Museum of Modern Art, NY.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftKarl Schmidt-Rottluff, Pharisees, 1912, oil on canvas, 29 7/8 x 40 1/2 inches (75.9 x 102.9 cm), Museum of Modern Art, NY.

 

see thumbnail to rightKarl Schmidt-Rottluff, Two Women, 1912, oil on canvas, 76.5 x 84.5 cm, Tate Gallery, London.

 

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftKarl Schmidt-Rottluff, Selbstbildnis (Self-Portrait), 1914, woodcut, image 34.9 x 29.7 cm; sheet 57.8 x 45.1 cm, Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, CA. See self-portrait.

 

 

 

 

 

Also see Bauhaus, Blaue Vier, degenerate, Der Blaue Reiter, and German art.

 

 

 

 


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