ArtLex Art Dictionary



cculture - Broadly, culture is a set of active, productive, and creative material and immaterial practices in the regulation of social conduct and social behavior that emphasize personal self-management (i.e., the modification of habits, tastes, and style), spiritual beliefs, political affiliation, and trans/national identity.

The entirety of socially transmitted behavior patterns, arts, beliefs, and all other products of human work and thought — for example: decorative artifacts, environmental pollutants, high art, political ideologies, ritual beliefs, social customs, and so on.

In cognitive terms, culture is a group of learned and shared standards for perceiving, believing, acting, and evaluating one's own and others' actions.

In anthropology, culture refers to the way of life of a human society, especially traditions transmitted from one generation to the next by learning and by experience. Cultural universals include social organization, religion, structure, economic organization, and material culture (sometimes called visual culture). The spread of culture traits (customs, ideas, attitudes) among individuals and groups by direct or indirect contact is called diffusion. The general stages in cultural evolution are nomadic food gathering, then settled food producing, and finally urban dwelling.

In the arts, the term is often used to refer to the expression of a particular period, class, or community, especially intellectual and artistic activity, and the works produced by it. Also, development of the intellect through training or education. And, culture can refer to a high degree of taste and refinement formed by aesthetic and intellectual training.



Related Links: is an online journal of arts and culture based in Europe and covering the arts and museum scene worldwide.


Also see archaeology, counterculture, dance, ethnic, ethnocentrism, ethnosphere, heritage, interdisciplinary, kitsch, multiculturalism, music, theater, xenophilia, and xenophobia.




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