ArtLex Art Dictionary

 

aanime - A Japanese style of animation that has been applied to a wide variety of subject matter -- genres including childhood adventure, western adventure, and samurai adventure to retro-futuristic sci-fi and violent, graphic Sailor Moonpornography.

"Anime" also refers to films in this style.

The term is borrowed from the French word for animation, and suggests the roots of the form, in a blending of the Japanese pictorial tradition represented by silk painting and woodblock prints, with American-style character design and genre stories. Among the constants in this form is the look of the characters, which, while allowing for some minor variations from artist to artist, generally insists on simple lines, shapes, and stylized features -- idealized bodies topped by huge, heart-shaped faces, themselves dominated by large, round, glossy eyes, with hair in shades of blond, red, and blue. Strikingly, this is a look that can appear to be un-Japanese. Its not so simple.Astro Boy

 

Osamu Tezuka (Japanese, 1928-1989) is generally given credit for devising the style. A great admirer of the work of Americans Walt Disney and Max Fleisher, Tezuka created his first widely popular character, Astro Boy, in a 1951 comic book. Astro Boy was a space-age Pinocchio-like creation. Tezuka turned Astro Boy into an animated TV series in 1963. (Astro Boy © Tezuka Productions.)

 

Typical of anime ever Dragon Ball hero and titlesince are the kind of jerky, discontinuous movements characteristic of the earliest works in the style. Most anime have been designed to fit the low budgets typical of television production, employing fewer cels per second than traditionally produced for big-screen films. Even when working on projects with larger budgets and for theatrical release, makers of poster for Princess Mononokeanime avoid the use of computer equipment or additional cels per second that would allow for more smooth, fluid animation. Reasons for a Japanese preference for this jagged quality of motion are likely to include the Japanese passion for manga, the massive comic books published in Japan. Manga, like anime, uses startling compositions to segue from one panel to the next. Japanese 19th century woodblock prints called ukiyo-e, typically conveyed a sense of movement with a dynamism now often seen in anime, in expressive, though static gestures, and in expressive flourishes of moody colors. There are works ranging from the highly disposable series of kids' TV productions of the last decade, like Sailor Moon, Pokémon, Digimon,

and DragonBall Z, to great feature length films like Mamoro Oshii's Ghost in the Shell, 1996, Hiyao Miyazaki's Princess Mononoke, 1999, Rintaro's Metropolis, 2002, and Miyazaki's Spirited Away, 2003.

(pr. AH-nee-may)

 

The author wishes to thank Reid Pierre Delahunt for his assistance with this article.

 

Also see proportion.

 

 


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