aanimation - Giving movement to a thing. Also, making animated cartoons — films that are also called animations. Types of animation include cel animation, clay animation (also called claymation), and computer animation.







see thumbnail to leftWalt Disney (American, 1901-1966), maker, Steamboat Willie, 1928, 35mm film, black and white, sound, 8 minutes, Museum of Modern Art, NY. See cinema.



George Pal (Hungarian, 1908-1981) created puppet animations. This type of animation is sometimes called replacement animation, although George Pal called them puppetoons.


Astro Boy


Osamu Tezuka (Japanese, 1928-1989) is generally given credit for devising Japanese anime style. A great admirer of the work of Americans Walt Disney and Max Fleisher, Tezuka created his first widely popular character, Astro Boy, in a 1951 comic book. Astro Boy was a space-age Pinocchio-like creation. Tezuka turned Astro Boy into an animated TV series in 1963. (Astro Boy © Tezuka Productions.)


animation of a plane flying around the earth, labeled reservations click here


Related Links:

  • Search Yahoo for links to animation sites.

  • BTV - Mac Animation - http://www.bensoftware.com/
    Video software with frame capture features specifically for animation applications, such as stop motion, clay, and drawn. Also features timelapse and motion detection.

  • FrameThief offers an inexpensive shareware stop motion animation program for the Apple / Macintosh platform, that enables the users, from novices to professionals, to capture and create animation.

  • iStopMotion offers easy to use stop-motion animation software for Mac OS X. It allows you to use your computer and DV camcorder or USB webcams to capture single frames for stop motion or time lapse applications.

  • Clay Animation How-To Page has a brief tutorial on how to make clay puppets and animate/film them. Many links to stop motion/puppet animation related web sites.

  • American animated films, 1900-1920, in the collection of the Library of Congress, Washington, DC.



Also see anime, art careers, cinema, four-dimensional, gestalt, kinetic, measure, mobile, music, new media, periodicity, puppet, rhythm, sequence, space-time, theater, time, tradigital, and video.





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