ArtLex Art Dictionary

 

CColonial American art - [Expect a more in-depth article to appear here soon.]

 

 

Examples:

 

 

see thumbnail to rightAmerican, Eastern Massachusetts, Armchair or "great chair", 1640-1680, ash, 44 3/4 x 23 1/2 x 15 3/4 inches (113.7 x 59.7 x 40.0 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY. See wood.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftWilliam Searle (American, 1634-1667, Ipswich, Massachusetts) and/or Thomas Dennis (American, 1638-1706), Chest, 1660-1680, red oak, white oak, 29 3/4 x 49 1/8 x 21 3/8 inches (75.6 x 124.8 x 54.3 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.

 

 

see thumbnail to rightEdward Winslow (American, 1669-1753, Boston, MA), Chocolate pot, 1700-1710, silver, 9 1/8 inches height (23.2 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftCornelius Kierstede (American, 1675-1757, New York, NY), Bowl, 1700-1710, silver, 5 3/8 inches height x 9 3/4 inches diameter (13.7 x 24.8 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightJohn Smibert (American, 1688-1751), Francis Brinley, 1729, oil on canvas, 50 x 39 1/4 inches (127 x 99.7 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftJohn Smibert (American, 1688-1751), Mrs. Francis Brinley and Her Son Francis, 1729, oil on canvas, 50 x 39 1/4 inches (127.0 x 99.7 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightJoseph B. Blackburn (American, c. 1700 - after 1765), Portrait of Captain John Pigott (c. 1700-1763), oil on canvas, 50 x 40 inches (127 x 101.6 cm), Los Angeles County Museum of Art.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftJoseph Badger (American, 1708-1765), Portrait of Sarah Larrabee Edes, c. 1760, oil on canvas, 48 3/8 x 38 1/4 in. (122.87 x 97.16 cm), Los Angeles County Museum of Art.

 

 

Jacob Gay (American, recorded 1758-1787, New York), Powderhorn, 1759, cowhorn, length 15 1/2 inches (39.4 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY. See horn.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightMyer Myers (American, 1723-1795, New York, NY), Basket, 1760-1770, silver, 11 1/8 x 14 1/2 x 11 3/8 inches (28.3 x 36.8 x 28.9 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY. See basket.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftJoseph Armitt (American, -1747, Philadelphia, PA), Roundabout chair, 1740-1750, walnut, yellow pine, 30 1/2 x 28 1/2 x 27 inches (77.5 x 72.4 x 68.6 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY. See wood.

 

 

see thumbnail to rightThe Garvan Carver (American, Philadelphia?), Chippendale Dressing Table, 1755-1756, mahogany, white pine, Minneapolis Institute of Arts.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftCaleb Gardner (American, Newport, RI), Easy Chair, 1758, walnut, maple, 46 3/8 x 32 3/8 x 25 7/8 inches (117.8 x 82.2 x 65.7 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightAmerican, Newport, Rhode Island, Desk and bookcase, 1760-1790, mahogany, chestnut, white pine, yellow pine, tulip poplar, 99 1/8 x 44 1/8 x 25 3/4 inches (251.8 x 112.1 x 65.4 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftJohn Townsend (American, 1732-1809, Newport, Rhode Island), Bureau table, c. 1765, mahogany, chestnut, tulip poplar, white pine, 34 3/8 x 36 1/2 x 20 1/2 inches (87.3 x 92.7 x 52.1 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightAmerican Flint Glass Manufactory (American, 1765-1774, Mannheim, PA), Pocket flask, c. 1765-1774, blown pattern-molded lead glass, height 4 3/4 inches (12.1 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftAmerican, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Chest of drawers, 1762-1775, mahogany, tulip poplar, yellow pine, 91 3/4 x 44 5/8 x 24 5/8 inches (233.1 x 113.4 x 62.6 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightJohn Singleton Copley (American and British, 1738-1815), Hugh Hall, 1758, pastel on paper mounted on canvas, 15 1/2 x 13 inches (39.4 x 33 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftJohn Singleton Copley, Portrait of Joseph Scott, c. 1765, oil on canvas, 49 13/16 x 39 inches (126.52 x 99.06 cm), Los Angeles County Museum of Art.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightJohn Singleton Copley, Portrait of Mrs. Gill, c. 1770-1, oil on canvas, 128.0 x 102.2 cm, Tate Gallery, London.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftJohn Singleton Copley, Daniel Crommelin Verplanck, 1771, oil on canvas, 49 1/2 x 40 inches (127.3 x 101.6 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY. Born and raised in New York City, Daniel was nine years old when Copley painted this portrait of him.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightJohn Singleton Copley, Portrait of a Lady, 1771, oil on canvas, 49 7/8 x 39 1/2 inches (126.7 x 100.3 cm), Los Angeles County Museum of Art.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftJohn Singleton Copley, Mrs. John Winthrop, 1773, oil on canvas, 35 1/2 x 28 3/4 inches (90.2 x 73 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY. America's foremost painter of the eighteenth century, Copley depicted Mrs. Winthrop with an intensive realism equaled by few of his American contemporaries -- various textures rendered with remarkable precision.

 

see thumbnail to rightJohn Singleton Copley, The Death of Major Peirson, 6 January 1781, 1783, oil on canvas, 251.5 x 365.8 cm, Tate Gallery, London.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftMatthew Pratt (American, 1734-1805), The American School, 1765, oil on canvas, 36 x 50 1/4 inches (91.4 x 127.6 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY. Benjamin West, standing to the left, examines a drawing held by Matthew Pratt. This picture depicts a scene in West's London studio. The identities of the other artists portrayed in the picture remains uncertain. See portrait and self-portrait.

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightUnidentified (after Scipio Moorhead), Phillis Wheatley (c. 1753-1784), 1773, engraving on paper; image: 12.8 x 10.1 cm (5 1/16 x 4 inches); sheet: 17.6 x 12.8 cm (6 15/16 x 5 1/16 inches), National Portrait Gallery, Washington, DC.: "Phillis Wheatley was the first African American to publish a book and the first American woman to earn a living from her writing, no small feat considering that she came to the colonies as a slave. Although most slaves had no opportunity for an education, within two years of Wheatley's purchase in 1761, she had learned to read and began to write poetry."

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftCharles Willson Peale (American, 1741-1827), George Washington, c. 1779-1781, oil on canvas, 95 x 61 3/4 inches (241.3 x 154.9 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY. See portrait.

 

 

Henry Benbridge (American, 1743-1812), Portrait of a Gentleman, c. 1770, watercolor on ivory, 1 1/4 x 1 7/8 inches (3.2 cm. x 4.8 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftUnknown American, 18th Century, Birth and Baptismal Certificate of Anne Andres, c. 1783, National Gallery, Washington, DC.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightSpanish Colonial, San Xavier del Bac, 1784-1797, Tucson, Arizona. This is the main facade of this mission church.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftRalph Earl (American, 1751-1801), Elijah Boardman, 1789, oil on canvas, 83 x 51 inches (210.8 x 129.5 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.

 

 

see thumbnail to rightRalph Earl, Looking East from Denny Hill, 1800, oil on canvas, Worcester Art Museum, MA.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftGilbert Stuart (American, 1755-1828), George Washington, 1795, oil on canvas, 30 1/4 x 25 1/4 inches (76.8 x 64.1 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY. See portrait.

 

 

see thumbnail to rightGilbert Stuart, Mrs. Perez Morton, c. 1802, oil on canvas, Worcester Art Museum, MA.

 

 

John Trumbull (American, 1756-1843), John Adams (1735-1826), second president of the US (1797-1801), 1793, oil on canvas, National Portrait Gallery, Washington, DC.

 

 

 

 

Also see architecture, arms & armor, chinoiserie, Canadian art, costume, design, drawing, English art, engraving, folk art, furniture, genre, history painting, Index of American Design, landscape, monument, museum, portrait, sampler, sculpture, seascape, self-portrait, silver, still life, and vessel, among many other articles.

 

 

 


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